Has both glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and nitrosylase activities, thereby playing a role in glycolysis and nuclear functions, respectively. Participates in nuclear events including transcription, RNA transport, DNA replication and apoptosis. Nuclear functions are probably due to the nitrosylase activity that mediates cysteine S-nitrosylation of nuclear target proteins such as SIRT1, HDAC2 and PRKDC (By similarity). Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is a key enzyme in glycolysis that catalyzes the first step of the pathway by converting D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) into 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate.
Carbohydrate degradation; glycolysis; pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate: step 1/5.
Belongs to the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase family.
S-nitrosylation of Cys-152 leads to interaction with SIAH1, followed by translocation to the nucleus. ISGylated.
Cytoplasm > cytosol. Nucleus. Cytoplasm > perinuclear region. Membrane. Translocates to the nucleus following S-nitrosylation and interaction with SIAH1, which contains a nuclear localization signal (By similarity). Postnuclear and Perinuclear regions.
Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of human colon carcinoma tissue labelling GAPDH with ab157156 at 1/1000 (1µg/ml). Detection: DAB.
Western blot - Anti-GAPDH antibody (ab157156)
All lanes : Anti-GAPDH antibody (ab157156) at 1 µg/ml
Lane 1 : 293T whole cell lysate at 50 µg Lane 2 : 293T whole cell lysate at 15 µg Lane 3 : HeLa whole cell lysate at 50 µg Lane 4 : Jurkat whole cell lysate at 50 µg Lane 5 : NIH 3T3 whole cell lysate at 50 µg