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Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab4729 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|IHC-Fr||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|ICC/IF||Use a concentration of 0.5 µg/ml.
Can be used with paraformaldehyde- or methanol- fixed cells.
|WB||Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 17 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 15 kDa).|
|IHC-P||Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.|
|CHIPseq||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|ChIP/Chip||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|ChIP||Use 2 µg for 25 µg of chromatin.|
|PepArr||Use a concentration of 0.2 - 0.02 µg/ml.|
Chromatin was prepared from HeLa cells according to the Abcam X-ChIP protocol. Cells were fixed with formaldehyde for 10 minutes. The ChIP was performed with 25µg of chromatin, 2µg of ab4729 (blue), and 20µl of Protein A/G sepharose beads. No antibody was added to the beads control (yellow). The immunoprecipitated DNA was quantified by real time PCR (Taqman approach). Primers and probes are located in the first kb of the transcribed region.
IHC image of ab4729 staining Histone H3 (acetyl K27) in normal human colon formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections*, performed on a Leica Bond. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab4729, 5µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX. No primary antibody was used in the negative control (shown on the inset).
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.
*Tissue obtained from the Human Research Tissue Bank, supported by the NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre
ab4729 staining Histone H3 (acetyl K27) in HeLa cells. The cells were incubated with 10mM Sodium butyrate (ab120948) for 6 hours (Treated) or solvent-only for control purposes (Non-treated). Cells were fixed with 100% methanol (5min) and then blocked in 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1%PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab4729 at 0.5µg/ml and ab7291 at 1µg/ml overnight at +4°C, followed by a further incubation at room temperature for 1h with a anti-rabbit AlexaFluor®488 secondary antibody (ab150077) at 2 μg/ml (shown in green) and a goat anti-mouse AlexaFluor®594 (ab150120) at 2 μg/ml (shown in pseudo colour red). Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.
Negative controls: 1– Rabbit primary and anti-mouse secondary antibody; 2 – Mouse primary antibody and anti-rabbit secondary antibody. Controls 1 and 2 indicate that there is no unspecific reaction between primary and secondary antibodies used.
All batches of ab4729 are tested in Peptide Array against peptides to different Histone H3 modifications. Six dilutions of each peptide are printed on to the Peptide Array in triplicate and results are averaged before being plotted on to a graph. Results show strong binding to Histone H3 - acetyl K27 peptide (ab24404), indicating that this antibody specifically recognises the Histone H3 - acetyl K27 modification.
ab24404 - Histone H3 - acetyl K27
ab15591 - Histone H3 - acetyl K14
ab24003 - Histone H3 - acetyl K18
ab17163 - Histone H3 unmodified
ab48359 - Histone H3 - acetyl K23
ab41409 - Histone H3 - acetyl K36
ab15662 - Histone H4 - acetyl K12
ab16635 - Histone H3 acetyl K9
HeLa cells were incubated at 37°C for 6h with vehicle control (0 μM) and different concentrations of sodium butyrate (ab120948). Increased expression of histone H3 (acetyl K27)(ab4729) in HeLa cells correlates with an increase in sodium butyrate concentration, as described in literature.
Whole cell lysates were prepared with RIPA buffer (containing protease inhibitors and sodium orthovanadate), 2.5 μg of each were loaded on the gel and the WB was run under reducing conditions. After transfer the membrane was blocked for an hour using 5% BSA before being incubated with ab4927 at 1 μg/ml and ab8227 at 1 μg/ml overnight at 4°C. Antibody binding was detected using an anti-rabbit antibody conjugated to HRP (ab97051) at 1/10000 dilution and visualised using ECL development solution.
Primary antibody: ab4729 (H3 acetyl K27)
ab4729 strongly stained histones of mouse ES cells. However, fluroescence was greatly diminished following pre-blocking using a H3 acetyl K9 peptide. This suggests the antibody cross-reacts with the K9 and K27 residues.
ICC/IF image of ab4729 stained Hela cells. The cells were 100% methanol fixed (5 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab4729, 1µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was a goat anti-rabbit DyLight® 488 (IgG - H&L, pre-adsorbed) (ab96899) used at a 1/250 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
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