Use a concentration of 0.01 - 0.5 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 18 kDa.
FunctionComponent of the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC), a complex that acts as a key regulator of mitosis. The CPC complex has essential functions at the centromere in ensuring correct chromosome alignment and segregation and is required for chromatin-induced microtubule stabilization and spindle assembly. The complex with RAN plays a role in mitotic spindle formation by serving as a physical scaffold to help deliver the RAN effector molecule TPX2 to microtubules. May play a role in neoplasia. May counteract a default induction of apoptosis in G2/M phase. Inhibitor of caspase-3 and caspase-7. Isoform 2 and isoform 3 do not appear to play vital roles in mitosis. Isoform 3 shows a marked reduction in its anti-apoptotic effects when compared with the displayed wild-type isoform.
Tissue specificityExpressed only in fetal kidney and liver, and to lesser extent, lung and brain. Abundantly expressed in adenocarcinoma (lung, pancreas, colon, breast, and prostate) and in high-grade lymphomas. Also expressed in various renal cell carcinoma cell lines.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the IAP family. Contains 1 BIR repeat.
Developmental stageExpression is cell cycle-dependent and peaks at mitosis.
DomainThe BIR repeat is necessary and sufficient for HBXIP binding.
Post-translational modificationsUbiquitination is required for centrosomal targeting. In vitro phosphorylation at Thr-117 by AURKB/STK12 prevents interaction with INCENP and localization to mitotic chromosomes.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Nucleus. Chromosome. Chromosome > centromere. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton > spindle. Localizes on chromosome arms and inner centromeres from prophase through metaphase and then transferring to the spindle midzone and midbody from anaphase through cytokinesis. Colocalizes with AURKB at mitotic chromosomes.