Tissue specificityWidely expressed, but most abundant in macrophages.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in ABCA1 are a cause of high density lipoprotein deficiency type 1 (HDLD1) [MIM:205400]; also known as analphalipoproteinemia or Tangier disease (TGD). HDLD1 is a recessive disorder characterized by absence of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol from plasma, accumulation of cholesteryl esters, premature coronary artery disease (CAD), hepatosplenomegaly, recurrent peripheral neuropathy and progressive muscle wasting and weakness. Defects in ABCA1 are a cause of high density lipoprotein deficiency type 2 (HDLD2) [MIM:604091]; also known as familial hypoalphalipoproteinemia (FHA). HDLD2 is inherited as autosomal dominant trait. It is characterized by moderately low HDL cholesterol, predilection toward premature coronary artery disease (CAD) and a reduction in cellular cholesterol efflux.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the ABC transporter superfamily. ABCA family. Contains 2 ABC transporter domains.
DomainMultifunctional polypeptide with two homologous halves, each containing an hydrophobic membrane-anchoring domain and an ATP binding cassette (ABC) domain.
Post-translational modificationsPhosphorylation on Ser-2054 regulates phospholipid efflux. Palmitoylation by DHHC8 is essential for membrane localization.
Western blot - Anti-ABCA1 (phospho S2054) antibody [EPR2485] (ab125064)
All lanes : Anti-ABCA1 (phospho S2054) antibody [EPR2485] (ab125064) at 1/200000 dilution
Lane 1 : SH-SY5Y whole cell lysate - treated with Okadaic Acid and Calyculin A with ABCA1 (pS2054) peptide Lane 2 : SH-SY5Y whole cell lysate - treated with Okadaic Acid and Calyculin A with ABCA1 non-phospho peptide
Lysates/proteins at 10 µg per lane.
Secondary Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/20000 dilution