This antibody gave a positive signal in HepG2; WERI and Y79 human whole cell lysates as well as the following tissue lysates: Mouse Brown Adipose; Rat Brown Adipose; Human Heart; Human Liver.
This antibody gave a positive result in IHC in the following FFPE tissue: Human Heart muscle.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Storage bufferpH: 7.40 Preservative: 0.02% Sodium azide Constituent: PBS Note: Batches of this product that have a concentration < 1mg/ml may have BSA added as a stabilising agent. If you would like information about the formulation of a specific lot, please contact our scientific support team who will be happy to help.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 58 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 55 kDa).
FunctionCatalyzes the initial step in triglyceride hydrolysis in adipocyte and non-adipocyte lipid droplets. Also has acylglycerol transacylase activity. May act coordinately with LIPE/HLS within the lipolytic cascade. Regulates adiposome size and may be involved in the degradation of adiposomes. May play an important role in energy homeostasis. May play a role in the response of the organism to starvation, enhancing hydrolysis of triglycerides and providing free fatty acids to other tissues to be oxidized in situations of energy depletion.
Tissue specificityHighest expression in adipose tissue. Also detected in heart, skeletal muscle, and portions of the gastrointestinal tract. Detected in normal retina and retinoblastoma cells. Detected in retinal pigment epithelium and, at lower intensity, in the inner segments of photoreceptors and in the ganglion cell layer of the neural retina (at protein level).
Involvement in diseaseNote=Genetic variations in PNPLA2 may be associated with risk of diabetes mellitus type 2. Defects in PNPLA2 are the cause of neutral lipid storage disease with myopathy (NLSDM) [MIM:610717]; also known as neutral lipid storage disease without ichthyosis. NSLDM is a neutral lipid storage disorder (NLSD) with myopathy but without ichthyosis. NLSDs are characterized by the presence of triglyceride-containing cytoplasmic droplets in leukocytes and in other tissues, including bone marrow, skin, and muscle. Individuals with NLSDM did not show obesity, in spite of a defect in triglyceride degradation in fibroblasts and in marked triglyceride storage in liver, muscles, and other visceral cells.
Sequence similaritiesContains 1 patatin domain.
Developmental stageInduced during differentiation of primary preadipocytes to adipocytes. Expression increased from fetal to adult in retinal pigment epithelium.
IHC image of Adipose Triglyceride Lipase staining in Human Heart muscle formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica Bond™ system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab99532, 5µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.
Western blot - Anti-Adipose Triglyceride Lipase antibody (ab99532)
All lanes : Anti-Adipose Triglyceride Lipase antibody (ab99532) at 1 µg/ml
Lane 1 : Adult Mouse Brown Adipose Tissue Tissue Lysate Lane 2 : Human heart tissue lysate - total protein (ab29431) Lane 3 : Human liver tissue lysate - total protein (ab29889) Lane 4 : Adult Rat Brown Adipose Tissue Tissue Lysate Lane 5 : HepG2 (Human hepatocellular liver carcinoma cell line) Whole Cell Lysate Lane 6 : WERI (Human Retinoblastoma) Whole Cell Lysate Lane 7 : Y79 (Human retinoblastoma cell line) Whole Cell Lysate
Lysates/proteins at 10 µg per lane.
Secondary Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/10000 dilution Developed using the ECL technique
Exposure time : 10 secondsThis blot was produced using a 4-12% Bis-tris gel under the MOPS buffer system. The gel was run at 200V for 50 minutes before being transferred onto a Nitrocellulose membrane at 30V for 70 minutes. The membrane was then blocked for an hour using 5% Bovine Serum Albumin before being incubated with ab99532 overnight at 4°C. Antibody binding was detected using an anti-rabbit antibody conjugated to HRP, and visualised using ECL development solution
References for Anti-Adipose Triglyceride Lipase antibody (ab99532)
has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.
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