The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use 1µg for 106 cells. ab170192-Mouse monoclonal IgG2b, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.
1/1000 - 1/2000. Detects a band of approximately 55 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 55 kDa).
FunctionCatalyzes the initial step in triglyceride hydrolysis in adipocyte and non-adipocyte lipid droplets. Also has acylglycerol transacylase activity. May act coordinately with LIPE/HLS within the lipolytic cascade. Regulates adiposome size and may be involved in the degradation of adiposomes. May play an important role in energy homeostasis. May play a role in the response of the organism to starvation, enhancing hydrolysis of triglycerides and providing free fatty acids to other tissues to be oxidized in situations of energy depletion.
Tissue specificityHighest expression in adipose tissue. Also detected in heart, skeletal muscle, and portions of the gastrointestinal tract. Detected in normal retina and retinoblastoma cells. Detected in retinal pigment epithelium and, at lower intensity, in the inner segments of photoreceptors and in the ganglion cell layer of the neural retina (at protein level).
Involvement in diseaseNote=Genetic variations in PNPLA2 may be associated with risk of diabetes mellitus type 2. Defects in PNPLA2 are the cause of neutral lipid storage disease with myopathy (NLSDM) [MIM:610717]; also known as neutral lipid storage disease without ichthyosis. NSLDM is a neutral lipid storage disorder (NLSD) with myopathy but without ichthyosis. NLSDs are characterized by the presence of triglyceride-containing cytoplasmic droplets in leukocytes and in other tissues, including bone marrow, skin, and muscle. Individuals with NLSDM did not show obesity, in spite of a defect in triglyceride degradation in fibroblasts and in marked triglyceride storage in liver, muscles, and other visceral cells.
Sequence similaritiesContains 1 patatin domain.
Developmental stageInduced during differentiation of primary preadipocytes to adipocytes. Expression increased from fetal to adult in retinal pigment epithelium.
Overlay histogram showing A431 cells stained with ab85348 (red line). The cells were fixed with 80% methanol (5 min) and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min. The cells were then incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine to block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab85348, 1µg/1x106 cells) for 30 min at 22ºC. The secondary antibody used was DyLight® 488 goat anti-mouse IgG (H+L) (ab96879) at 1/500 dilution for 30 min at 22ºC. Isotype control antibody (black line) was mouse IgG2b [PLPV219] (ab91366, 2µg/1x106 cells) used under the same conditions. Acquisition of >5,000 events was performed.
References for Anti-Adipose Triglyceride Lipase antibody [AT2G2] (ab85348)
has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.
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