Synthetic peptide (the amino acid sequence is considered to be commercially sensitive) within Human Adipose Triglyceride Lipase aa 350-450. The exact sequence is proprietary.
WB: 3T3-L1, A431 and A673 cell lysates, human heart, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue lysates. Mouse and rat heart tissue lysates.
Produced using Abcam's RabMAb® technology. RabMAb® technology is covered by the following U.S. Patents, No. 5, 675, 063 and/or 7, 429, 487.
We are constantly working hard to ensure we provide our customers with best in class antibodies. As a result of this work we are pleased to now offer this antibody in purified format. We are in the process of updating our datasheets. The purified format is designated 'PUR' on our product labels. If you have any questions regarding this update, please contact our Scientific Support team.
This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C. Stable for 12 months at -20°C.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/1000 - 1/10000. Detects a band of approximately 54 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 55 kDa).
Application notesIs unsuitable for Flow Cyt,ICC/IF or IHC-P.
FunctionCatalyzes the initial step in triglyceride hydrolysis in adipocyte and non-adipocyte lipid droplets. Also has acylglycerol transacylase activity. May act coordinately with LIPE/HLS within the lipolytic cascade. Regulates adiposome size and may be involved in the degradation of adiposomes. May play an important role in energy homeostasis. May play a role in the response of the organism to starvation, enhancing hydrolysis of triglycerides and providing free fatty acids to other tissues to be oxidized in situations of energy depletion.
Tissue specificityHighest expression in adipose tissue. Also detected in heart, skeletal muscle, and portions of the gastrointestinal tract. Detected in normal retina and retinoblastoma cells. Detected in retinal pigment epithelium and, at lower intensity, in the inner segments of photoreceptors and in the ganglion cell layer of the neural retina (at protein level).
Involvement in diseaseNote=Genetic variations in PNPLA2 may be associated with risk of diabetes mellitus type 2. Defects in PNPLA2 are the cause of neutral lipid storage disease with myopathy (NLSDM) [MIM:610717]; also known as neutral lipid storage disease without ichthyosis. NSLDM is a neutral lipid storage disorder (NLSD) with myopathy but without ichthyosis. NLSDs are characterized by the presence of triglyceride-containing cytoplasmic droplets in leukocytes and in other tissues, including bone marrow, skin, and muscle. Individuals with NLSDM did not show obesity, in spite of a defect in triglyceride degradation in fibroblasts and in marked triglyceride storage in liver, muscles, and other visceral cells.
Sequence similaritiesContains 1 patatin domain.
Developmental stageInduced during differentiation of primary preadipocytes to adipocytes. Expression increased from fetal to adult in retinal pigment epithelium.
References for Anti-Adipose Triglyceride Lipase antibody [EPR3444(2)] (ab109251)
This product has been referenced in:
Jiao Y et al. The Fto Gene Regulates the Proliferation and Differentiation of Pre-Adipocytes in Vitro. Nutrients8:102 (2016).
Read more (PubMed: 26907332) »
Covington JD et al. Skeletal muscle perilipin 3 and coatomer proteins are increased following exercise and are associated with fat oxidation. PLoS One9:e91675 (2014).
Read more (PubMed: 24632837) »