The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Purity70 - 90% by HPLC.
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Preparation and Storage
Stability and Storage
Shipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.
Information available upon request.
Alpha fetoprotein precursor
alpha-fetoprotein, Hereditary persistence of, included
Hereditary persistence of alpha fetoprotein
FunctionBinds copper, nickel, and fatty acids as well as, and bilirubin less well than, serum albumin. Only a small percentage (less than 2%) of the human AFP shows estrogen-binding properties.
Tissue specificityPlasma. Synthesized by the fetal liver and yolk sac.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the ALB/AFP/VDB family. Contains 3 albumin domains.
Developmental stageOccurs in the plasma of fetuses more than 4 weeks old, reaches the highest levels during the 12th-16th week of gestation, and drops to trace amounts after birth. The serum level in adults is usually less than 40 ng/ml. AFP occurs also at high levels in the plasma and ascitic fluid of adults with hepatoma.
Post-translational modificationsIndependent studies suggest heterogeneity of the N-terminal sequence of the mature protein and of the cleavage site of the signal sequence. Sulfated.