The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 5 - 10 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
May act as a GTPase regulator. Controls survival and growth of spinal motoneurons.
Involvement in disease
Defects in ALS2 are the cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis type 2 (ALS2) [MIM:205100]. ALS2 is a familial form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a neurodegenerative disorder affecting upper and lower motor neurons and resulting in fatal paralysis. Sensory abnormalities are absent. Death usually occurs within 2 to 5 years. The etiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is likely to be multifactorial, involving both genetic and environmental factors. The disease is inherited in 5-10% of cases leading to familial forms. Defects in ALS2 are the cause of juvenile primary lateral sclerosis (JPLS) [MIM:606353]. JPLS is a neurodegenerative disorder which is closely related to but clinically distinct from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. It is a progressive paralytic disorder which results from dysfunction of the upper motor neurons of the motor cortex while the lower neurons are unaffected. Defects in ALS2 are the cause of infantile-onset ascending spastic paralysis (IAHSP) [MIM:607225]. IAHSP is characterized by progressive spasticity and weakness of limbs.