The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Use a concentration of 0.1 - 0.3 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 44 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 44 kDa).
FunctionMay play a role in lipid exchange and transport throughout the body. May participate in reverse cholesterol transport from peripheral cells to the liver.
Tissue specificityPlasma. Found on APOA-I-containing high density lipoprotein (HDL3). Expressed in pancreas, lung, prostate, liver, placenta and spleen.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in APOL1 are the cause of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis type 4 (FSGS4) [MIM:612551]. It is a renal pathology defined by the presence of segmental sclerosis in glomeruli and resulting in proteinuria, reduced glomerular filtration rate and edema. Renal insufficiency often progresses to end-stage renal disease, a highly morbid state requiring either dialysis therapy or kidney transplantation.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the apolipoprotein L family.
Post-translational modificationsPhosphorylation sites are present in the extracelllular medium.