RelevanceADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs) play an important role in intracellular vesicular trafficking. ARFGEF2 promotes guanine-nucleotide exchange on ARF1, ARF5 and ARF6 and the activation of ARF1/ARF5/ARF6 through replacement of GDP with GTP. It contains a Sec7 domain, which may be responsible for its guanine-nucleotide exchange activity and also brefeldin A inhibition.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Membrane. Golgi apparatus. Cytoplasm › perinuclear region. Golgi apparatus › trans-Golgi network By similarity. Endosome By similarity. Cytoplasm › cytoskeleton › microtubule organizing center › centrosome. Cell projection › dendrite By similarity. Cytoplasmic vesicle By similarity. Cell junction › synapse By similarity. Cytoplasm › cytoskeleton By similarity. Note: Translocates from cytoplasm to membranes upon cAMP treatment. Localized in recycling endosomes.