The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 18078525
Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml.
Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Use a concentration of 1 - 2 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 25 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 20 kDa).
FunctionSelectively promotes the survival of dopaminergic neurons of the ventral mid-brain. Modulates GABAergic transmission to the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra. Enhances spontaneous, as well as evoked, GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents in dopaminergic neurons (By similarity). Inhibits cell proliferation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced cell death.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the ARMET family.
DomainThe N-terminal region may be responsible for neurotrophic activity while the C-terminal region may play a role in the ER stress response.
ICC/IF image of ab67271 stained PC12 cells. The cells were 4% formaldehyde fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab67271, 5µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
Krawczyk KK et al. Assessing the contribution of thrombospondin-4 induction and ATF6a activation to endoplasmic reticulum expansion and phenotypic modulation in bladder outlet obstruction. Sci Rep6:32449 (2016).
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