Validated using a knockout cell line
Recombinant
RabMAb

Anti-beta Catenin antibody [E247] (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab194118)

Overview

  • Product name
    Anti-beta Catenin antibody [E247] (Alexa Fluor® 488)
    See all beta Catenin primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit monoclonal [E247] to beta Catenin (Alexa Fluor® 488)
  • Conjugation
    Alexa Fluor® 488. Ex: 495nm, Em: 519nm
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: ICC/IF, Flow Cytmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Human
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide (the amino acid sequence is considered to be commercially sensitive) corresponding to Human beta Catenin aa 1-100 (N terminal).

  • Positive control
    • ICC/IF: SW480, Caco-2 and wild-type HAP1 cells. Flow Cyt: SW480 cells.
  • General notes

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents

    Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc, a Thermo Fisher Scientific Company. The Alexa Fluor® dye included in this product is provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye, the purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye the sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components, or any materials made using the product or its components, in any activity to generate revenue, which may include, but is not limited to use of the product or its components: in manufacturing; (ii) to provide a service, information, or data in return for payment (iii) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; or (iv) for resale, regardless of whether they are sold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to use products containing Alexa Fluor® dyes for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5791 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or outlicensing@lifetech.com

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab194118 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF 1/50 - 1/500.
Flow Cyt 1/5000.

ab199091 - Rabbit monoclonal IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488), is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.

Target

  • Function
    Key dowstream component of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. In the absence of Wnt, forms a complex with AXIN1, AXIN2, APC, CSNK1A1 and GSK3B that promotes phosphorylation on N-terminal Ser and Thr residues and ubiquitination of CTNNB1 via BTRC and its subsequent degradation by the proteasome. In the presence of Wnt ligand, CTNNB1 is not ubiquitinated and accumulates in the nucleus, where it acts as a coactivator for transcription factors of the TCF/LEF family, leading to activate Wnt responsive genes.
    Involved in the regulation of cell adhesion. The majority of beta-catenin is localized to the cell membrane and is part of E-cadherin/catenin adhesion complexes which are proposed to couple cadherins to the actin cytoskeleton.
  • Tissue specificity
    Expressed in several hair follicle cell types: basal and peripheral matrix cells, and cells of the outer and inner root sheaths. Expressed in colon.
  • Involvement in disease
    Defects in CTNNB1 are associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) [MIM:114500].
    Note=Activating mutations in CTNNB1 have oncogenic activity resulting in tumor development. Somatic mutations are found in various tumor types, including colon cancers, ovarian and prostate carcinomas, hepatoblastoma (HB), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBs are malignant embryonal tumors mainly affecting young children in the first three years of life.
    Defects in CTNNB1 are a cause of pilomatrixoma (PTR) [MIM:132600]; a common benign skin tumor.
    Defects in CTNNB1 are a cause of medulloblastoma (MDB) [MIM:155255]. MDB is a malignant, invasive embryonal tumor of the cerebellum with a preferential manifestation in children.
    Defects in CTNNB1 are a cause of susceptibility to ovarian cancer (OC) [MIM:167000]. Ovarian cancer common malignancy originating from ovarian tissue. Although many histologic types of ovarian neoplasms have been described, epithelial ovarian carcinoma is the most common form. Ovarian cancers are often asymptomatic and the recognized signs and symptoms, even of late-stage disease, are vague. Consequently, most patients are diagnosed with advanced disease.
    Note=A chromosomal aberration involving CTNNB1 is found in salivary gland pleiomorphic adenomas, the most common benign epithelial tumors of the salivary gland. Translocation t(3;8)(p21;q12) with PLAG1.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the beta-catenin family.
    Contains 12 ARM repeats.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Phosphorylation by GSK3B requires prior phosphorylation of Ser-45 by another kinase. Phosphorylation proceeds then from Thr-41 to Ser-37 and Ser-33.
    EGF stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation. Phosphorylation on Tyr-654 decreases CDH1 binding and enhances TBP binding.
    Ubiquitinated by the SCF(BTRC) E3 ligase complex when phosphorylated by GSK3B, leading to its degradation. Ubiquitinated by a E3 ubiquitin ligase complex containing UBE2D1, SIAH1, CACYBP/SIP, SKP1, APC and TBL1X, leading to its subsequent proteasomal degradation.
  • Cellular localization
    Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton. Cell junction > adherens junction. Cell junction. Cell membrane. Cytoplasmic when it is unstabilized (high level of phosphorylation) or bound to CDH1. Translocates to the nucleus when it is stabilized (low level of phosphorylation). Interaction with GLIS2 and MUC1 promotes nuclear translocation. Interaction with EMD inhibits nuclear localization.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • Beta catenin antibody
    • Beta-catenin antibody
    • Cadherin associated protein antibody
    • Catenin (cadherin associated protein), beta 1, 88kDa antibody
    • Catenin beta 1 antibody
    • Catenin beta-1 antibody
    • CATNB antibody
    • CHBCAT antibody
    • CTNB1_HUMAN antibody
    • CTNNB antibody
    • CTNNB1 antibody
    • DKFZp686D02253 antibody
    • FLJ25606 antibody
    • FLJ37923 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000162082 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000165222 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000165223 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000209288 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000209289 antibody
    see all

Anti-beta Catenin antibody [E247] (Alexa Fluor® 488) images

  • ab194118 staining β-catenin in wild-type HAP1 cells (top panel) and β-catenin knockout HAP1 cells (bottom panel). The cells were fixed with 100% methanol (5min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab194118 at 1/500 dilution (shown in green) and ab195889 at 1/250 dilution (shown in pseudo colour red) overnight at +4°C. Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.

    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

  • ab194118 staining beta-Catenin in Caco-2 cells. The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min), permeabilised in 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked in 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1%PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab194118 at a working dilution of 1/100 (shown in green) and ab195889, Mouse monoclonal [DM1A] to alpha Tubulin (Alexa Fluor® 594, shown in red) at 2µg/ml overnight at +4°C. Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.
    This product gave a positive signal in 100% methanol (5 min) fixed Caco-2 cells under the same testing conditions.
    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

  • Overlay histogram showing SW480 cells stained with ab194118 (red line). The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min) and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min. The cells were then incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody (ab194118, 1/5000 dilution) for 30 min at 22°C. Isotype control antibody (black line) was rabbit IgG (monoclonal) Alexa Fluor® 488 used at the same concentration and conditions as the primary antibody. Unlabelled sample (blue line) was also used as a control.

    Acquisition of >5,000 events were collected using a 20mW Argon ion laser (488nm) and 525/30 bandpass filter.

    This antibody gave a positive signal in SW480 fixed with 80% methanol (5 min)/permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min used under the same conditions.

  • ab194118 staining beta-Catenin in SW480 cells. The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min), permeabilised in 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked in 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1%PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab194118 at  a working dilution of 1 in 50 (shown in green) and ab195889, Mouse monoclonal [DM1A] to alpha Tubulin (Alexa Fluor® 594, shown in red) at 2µg/ml overnight at +4°C. Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.

    This product gave a positive signal in 100% methanol (5 min) fixed SW480 cells under the same testing conditions.

    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

References for Anti-beta Catenin antibody [E247] (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab194118)

ab194118 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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