Overview

  • Product nameAnti-beta Catenin antibody
    See all beta Catenin primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit polyclonal to beta Catenin
  • Tested applicationsSuitable for: IP, IHC-P, ICC/IF, IHC-FoFr, Sandwich ELISA, WBmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Sheep, Goat, Cat, Dog, Human, Pig, Xenopus laevis, Zebrafish, Marmoset (common), Dogfish/Catshark, Squirrel
    Predicted to work with: Chicken
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide conjugated to KLH derived from within residues 750 to the C-terminus of Human beta Catenin.

    (Peptide available as ab16377.)

  • Positive control
    • ab16051 gave a positive result in the following whole cell lysates: Hela ab16051 gave a positive result in the following tissue lysates: Mouse Brain Mouse Testis Mouse Spinal Cord Mouse Ovary Rat Brain ab16051 gave a positive result in the following FFPE tissue; Human colon cancer.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab16051 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
IP Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 24614104
IHC-P Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
ICC/IF Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml.
IHC-FoFr 1/100.
Sandwich ELISA Use a concentration of 0.1 µg/ml. For sandwich ELISA, use this antibody as Detection at 0.1 µg/ml with Mouse monoclonal [BDI080] to beta Catenin (ab19448) as Capture.
WB Use a concentration of 0.25 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 95 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 94 kDa).Can be blocked with Human beta Catenin peptide (ab16377).

Target

  • FunctionKey dowstream component of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. In the absence of Wnt, forms a complex with AXIN1, AXIN2, APC, CSNK1A1 and GSK3B that promotes phosphorylation on N-terminal Ser and Thr residues and ubiquitination of CTNNB1 via BTRC and its subsequent degradation by the proteasome. In the presence of Wnt ligand, CTNNB1 is not ubiquitinated and accumulates in the nucleus, where it acts as a coactivator for transcription factors of the TCF/LEF family, leading to activate Wnt responsive genes.
    Involved in the regulation of cell adhesion. The majority of beta-catenin is localized to the cell membrane and is part of E-cadherin/catenin adhesion complexes which are proposed to couple cadherins to the actin cytoskeleton.
  • Tissue specificityExpressed in several hair follicle cell types: basal and peripheral matrix cells, and cells of the outer and inner root sheaths. Expressed in colon.
  • Involvement in diseaseDefects in CTNNB1 are associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) [MIM:114500].
    Note=Activating mutations in CTNNB1 have oncogenic activity resulting in tumor development. Somatic mutations are found in various tumor types, including colon cancers, ovarian and prostate carcinomas, hepatoblastoma (HB), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBs are malignant embryonal tumors mainly affecting young children in the first three years of life.
    Defects in CTNNB1 are a cause of pilomatrixoma (PTR) [MIM:132600]; a common benign skin tumor.
    Defects in CTNNB1 are a cause of medulloblastoma (MDB) [MIM:155255]. MDB is a malignant, invasive embryonal tumor of the cerebellum with a preferential manifestation in children.
    Defects in CTNNB1 are a cause of susceptibility to ovarian cancer (OC) [MIM:167000]. Ovarian cancer common malignancy originating from ovarian tissue. Although many histologic types of ovarian neoplasms have been described, epithelial ovarian carcinoma is the most common form. Ovarian cancers are often asymptomatic and the recognized signs and symptoms, even of late-stage disease, are vague. Consequently, most patients are diagnosed with advanced disease.
    Note=A chromosomal aberration involving CTNNB1 is found in salivary gland pleiomorphic adenomas, the most common benign epithelial tumors of the salivary gland. Translocation t(3;8)(p21;q12) with PLAG1.
  • Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the beta-catenin family.
    Contains 12 ARM repeats.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Phosphorylation by GSK3B requires prior phosphorylation of Ser-45 by another kinase. Phosphorylation proceeds then from Thr-41 to Ser-37 and Ser-33.
    EGF stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation. Phosphorylation on Tyr-654 decreases CDH1 binding and enhances TBP binding.
    Ubiquitinated by the SCF(BTRC) E3 ligase complex when phosphorylated by GSK3B, leading to its degradation. Ubiquitinated by a E3 ubiquitin ligase complex containing UBE2D1, SIAH1, CACYBP/SIP, SKP1, APC and TBL1X, leading to its subsequent proteasomal degradation.
  • Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton. Cell junction > adherens junction. Cell junction. Cell membrane. Cytoplasmic when it is unstabilized (high level of phosphorylation) or bound to CDH1. Translocates to the nucleus when it is stabilized (low level of phosphorylation). Interaction with GLIS2 and MUC1 promotes nuclear translocation. Interaction with EMD inhibits nuclear localization.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • Beta catenin antibody
    • Beta-catenin antibody
    • Cadherin associated protein antibody
    • Catenin (cadherin associated protein), beta 1, 88kDa antibody
    • Catenin beta 1 antibody
    • Catenin beta-1 antibody
    • CATNB antibody
    • CHBCAT antibody
    • CTNB1_HUMAN antibody
    • CTNNB antibody
    • CTNNB1 antibody
    • DKFZp686D02253 antibody
    • FLJ25606 antibody
    • FLJ37923 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000162082 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000165222 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000165223 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000209288 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000209289 antibody
    see all

Anti-beta Catenin antibody images

  • ab16051 staining beta Catenin in rat brain tissue sections by Immunohistochemistry (IHC-P - formaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections). Tissue was fixed with formaldehyde and blocked with 2% BSA for 10 minutes at 21°C; antigen retrieval was by heat mediation in a citrate buffer. Samples were incubated with primary antibody (1/1000 in TBS/BSA/azide) for 2 hours at 21°C. A Biotin-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG polyclonal (1/300) was used as the secondary antibody.

    See Abreview

  • ab16051 staining β-Catenin in HeLa cells. The cells were fixed with 100% methanol (5min) and then blocked in 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1%PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab16051 at 1μg/ml and ab7291 (staining Tubulin) at 1µg/ml overnight at +4°C, followed by a further incubation at room temperature for 1h with an AlexaFluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit secondary (ab150077) at 2 μg/ml (shown in green) and AlexaFluor®594 Goat anti-Mouse secondary (ab150120) at 2 μg/ml (shown in pseudo color red). Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.



  • Performed under reducing conditions.

    Predicted band size : 94 kDa
    A second band of 75 kDa was also detected in Hela whole cell lysates and A431 lysates. This smaller band was of equal intensity to the 94kDa band in the A431 lysates (data not shown).

  • Developed using the ECL technique

    Performed under reducing conditions.

    Predicted band size : 94 kDa


    Exposure time : 10 seconds
  • Standard Curve for Beta-Catenin (Analyte: beta Catenin protein (Tagged) (ab63175)); dilution range 1pg/ml to 1ug/ml using Capture Antibody Mouse monoclonal [BDI080] to beta Catenin (ab19448) at 1ug/ml and Detector Antibody Rabbit polyclonal to beta Catenin (ab16051) at 0.1ug/ml.
  • ab16051 staining beta Catenin in developing gut tissue sections from mouse by Immunohistochemistry (IHC-P - formaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections). Tissue was fixed with formaldehyde and blocked with 2% BSA for 2 minutes at 21°C; antigen retrieval was by heat mediation in a citrate buffer. Samples were incubated with primary antibody (1/2000 in TBS/BSA/azide) for 2 hours at 21°C. A Biotin-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG polyclonal (1/300) was used as the secondary antibody.

    See Abreview

  • IHC image of beta Catenin staining in Human colon cancer formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica BondTM system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab16051, 1µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.

    For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.

  • ab16051 staining β-catenin in SW480 cells treated with XAV939 (ab120897), by ICC/IF. Increase of ß-catenin cytoplasmic expression and decrease in nuclear expression correlates with increased concentration of XAV939, as described in literature.

    The cells were incubated at 37°C for 6 hours in media containing different concentrations of ab120897 (XAV939) in DMSO, fixed with 4% formaldehyde for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with PBS containing 10% goat serum, 0.3 M glycine, 1% BSA and 0.1% tween for 2h at room temperature. Staining of the treated cells with ab16051 (1 µg/ml) was performed overnight at 4°C in PBS containing 1% BSA and 0.1% tween. A DyLight 488 anti-rabbit polyclonal antibody (ab96899) at 1/250 dilution was used as the secondary antibody. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI and are shown in blue.

  • ICC/IF image of ab16051 stained human HeLa cells. The cells were methanol fixed (5 min) and incubated with the antibody (ab16051X, 1µg/ml) for 1h at room temperature. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Image-iTTM FX Signal Enhancer was used as the primary blocking agent, 5% BSA (in TBS-T) was used for all other blocking steps. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue). Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red).

  • ab16051 staining human fibrosarcoma cells by ICC/IF.  Cells were PFA fixed and permeabilized in Triton X-100 prior to incubation with the primary antibody (at 10µg/ml) for 1 hour at 27°C.  A Texas Red® conjugated donkey anti-rabbit antibody was used as the secondary.

    See Abreview

  • ab16051 staining beta Catenin in rat hypothalamus tissue section by Immunohistochemistry (PFA perfusion fixed frozen sections). Tissue samples were fixed with 4% PFA and later postfixed overnight in the same fixative. They were cryoprotected in 30% sucrose and cut using a cryostat. The sample was incubated with primary antibody (1/100) for 18 hours at 200C in PBS + 0.3 % Triton X100. An Alexa Fluor®488-conjugated Goat polyclonal to rabbit IgG was used as secondary antibody at 1/1000 dilution.

    See Abreview



  • Performed under reducing conditions.

    Predicted band size : 94 kDa
    A second band of 75 kDa was also detected in Hela whole cell lysates and A431 lysates. This smaller band was of equal intensity to the 94kDa band in the A431 lysates (data not shown).

  • Developed using the ECL technique

    Performed under reducing conditions.

    Predicted band size : 94 kDa

References for Anti-beta Catenin antibody (ab16051)

This product has been referenced in:
  • Li L  et al. Short-term, low-dose cadmium exposure induces hyperpermeability in human renal glomerular endothelial cells. J Appl Toxicol 36:257-65 (2016). IF . Read more (PubMed: 26011702) »
  • Cui Y  et al. Asparaginyl endopeptidase promotes the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer through modulating epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and analysis of their phosphorylation signaling pathways. Oncotarget 7:34356-70 (2016). Human . Read more (PubMed: 27102302) »

See all 17 Publications for this product

Product Wall

Abcam guarantees this product to work in the species/application used in this Abreview.
Application Western blot
Sample Human Cell lysate - whole cell (human breast cancer cells)
Gel Running Conditions Reduced Denaturing (Any kD™ Mini-PROTEAN® TGX™ Precast Protein Gels, 10-well, 50 µl)
Loading amount 100 µg
Specification human breast cancer cells
Blocking step Milk as blocking agent for 1 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 5µg/mL · Temperature: 23°C
Username

Mrs. Katie Elliott

Verified customer

Submitted Aug 01 2016

Abcam guarantees this product to work in the species/application used in this Abreview.
Application Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence
Sample Human Cell (Pluripotent stem cell)
Permeabilization Yes - 0.1% Triton X100
Specification Pluripotent stem cell
Blocking step Serum as blocking agent for 1 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 5% · Temperature: 23°C
Fixative Paraformaldehyde
Username

Abcam user community

Verified customer

Submitted May 04 2016

Abcam guarantees this product to work in the species/application used in this Abreview.
Application Western blot
Sample Human Cell lysate - whole cell (human pluripotent stem cell)
Gel Running Conditions Reduced Denaturing (10%)
Loading amount 20 µg
Specification human pluripotent stem cell
Blocking step Milk as blocking agent for 1 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 5% · Temperature: 23°C
Username

Abcam user community

Verified customer

Submitted Apr 14 2016

Abcam has not validated the combination of species/application used in this Abreview.
Application Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections)
Sample Marmoset (common) Tissue sections (Small intestine)
Antigen retrieval step Heat mediated - Buffer/Enzyme Used: Citric acid
Permeabilization No
Specification Small intestine
Blocking step BSA as blocking agent for 10 minute(s) · Concentration: 2% · Temperature: 21°C
Fixative Formaldehyde
Username

Mr. Carl Hobbs

Verified customer

Submitted Feb 29 2016

Abcam guarantees this product to work in the species/application used in this Abreview.
Application Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections)
Sample Sheep Tissue sections (Myocardium)
Antigen retrieval step Heat mediated - Buffer/Enzyme Used: Citric acid
Permeabilization No
Specification Myocardium
Blocking step BSA as blocking agent for 10 minute(s) · Concentration: 2% · Temperature: 21°C
Fixative Formaldehyde
Username

Mr. Carl Hobbs

Verified customer

Submitted Feb 29 2016

Abcam guarantees this product to work in the species/application used in this Abreview.
Application Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections)
Sample Pig Tissue sections (Small intestine)
Antigen retrieval step Heat mediated - Buffer/Enzyme Used: Citric acid
Permeabilization No
Specification Small intestine
Blocking step BSA as blocking agent for 10 minute(s) · Concentration: 2% · Temperature: 21°C
Fixative Formaldehyde
Username

Mr. Carl Hobbs

Verified customer

Submitted Feb 29 2016

Abcam guarantees this product to work in the species/application used in this Abreview.
Application Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections)
Sample Goat Tissue sections (Myocardium)
Antigen retrieval step Heat mediated - Buffer/Enzyme Used: Citric acid
Permeabilization No
Specification Myocardium
Blocking step BSA as blocking agent for 10 minute(s) · Concentration: 2% · Temperature: 21°C
Fixative Formaldehyde
Username

Mr. Carl Hobbs

Verified customer

Submitted Jan 28 2016

Abcam guarantees this product to work in the species/application used in this Abreview.
Application Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections)
Sample Dogfish/Catshark Tissue sections (Digestive tissue)
Antigen retrieval step Heat mediated - Buffer/Enzyme Used: Citric acid
Permeabilization No
Specification Digestive tissue
Blocking step BSA as blocking agent for 10 minute(s) · Concentration: 2% · Temperature: 21°C
Fixative Formaldehyde
Username

Mr. Carl Hobbs

Verified customer

Submitted Jan 28 2016

Abcam guarantees this product to work in the species/application used in this Abreview.
Application Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections)
Sample Dog Tissue sections (Myocardium)
Antigen retrieval step Heat mediated - Buffer/Enzyme Used: Citric acid
Permeabilization No
Specification Myocardium
Blocking step BSA as blocking agent for 10 minute(s) · Concentration: 2% · Temperature: 21°C
Fixative Formaldehyde
Username

Mr. Carl Hobbs

Verified customer

Submitted Jan 28 2016

Abcam guarantees this product to work in the species/application used in this Abreview.
Application Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections)
Sample Cat Tissue sections (Myocardium)
Antigen retrieval step Heat mediated - Buffer/Enzyme Used: Citric acid
Permeabilization No
Specification Myocardium
Blocking step BSA as blocking agent for 10 minute(s) · Concentration: 2% · Temperature: 21°C
Fixative Formaldehyde
Username

Mr. Carl Hobbs

Verified customer

Submitted Jan 28 2016

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