Application notesIs unsuitable for Flow Cyt or IHC-P.
FunctionMetalloprotease that specifically cleaves 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitin chains (PubMed:19214193, PubMed:20656690, PubMed:24075985, PubMed:26344097). Does not have activity toward 'Lys-48'-linked polyubiquitin chains. Component of the BRCA1-A complex, a complex that specifically recognizes 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitinated histones H2A and H2AX at DNA lesions sites, leading to target the BRCA1-BARD1 heterodimer to sites of DNA damage at double-strand breaks (DSBs). In the BRCA1-A complex, it specifically removes 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin on histones H2A and H2AX, antagonizing the RNF8-dependent ubiquitination at double-strand breaks (DSBs) (PubMed:20656690). Catalytic subunit of the BRISC complex, a multiprotein complex that specifically cleaves 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin in various substrates (PubMed:20656690, PubMed:24075985, PubMed:26344097, PubMed:26195665). Mediates the specific 'Lys-63'-specific deubiquitination associated with the COP9 signalosome complex (CSN), via the interaction of the BRISC complex with the CSN complex (PubMed:19214193). The BRISC complex is required for normal mitotic spindle assembly and microtubule attachment to kinetochores via its role in deubiquitinating NUMA1 (PubMed:26195665). Plays a role in interferon signaling via its role in the deubiquitination of the interferon receptor IFNAR1; deubiquitination increases IFNAR1 activity by enhancing its stability and cell surface expression (PubMed:24075985, PubMed:26344097). Down-regulates the response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) via its role in IFNAR1 deubiquitination (PubMed:24075985).
Tissue specificityHeart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas. Aberrantly expressed in the vast majority of breast tumors.
Involvement in diseaseA chromosomal aberration involving BRCC3 is a cause of pro-lymphocytic T-cell leukemia (T-PLL). Translocation t(X;14)(q28;q11) with TCRA.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the peptidase M67A family. BRCC36 subfamily. Contains 1 MPN (JAB/Mov34) domain.
Cellular localizationNucleus. Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle pole. Localizes at sites of DNA damage at double-strand breaks (DSBs) (PubMed:20656690, PubMed:26344097). Interaction with FAM175B/ABRO1 retains BRCC3 in the cytoplasm (PubMed:20656690).