Implicated in chromosome condensation and DNA damage induced cellular responses. May play a role in neurogenesis and regulation of the size of the cerebral cortex.
Expressed in fetal brain, liver and kidney.
Involvement in disease
Defects in MCPH1 are the cause of microcephaly primary type 1 (MCPH1) [MIM:251200]; also known as true microcephaly or microcephaly vera. Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference more than 3 standard deviations below the age-related mean. Brain weight is markedly reduced and the cerebral cortex is disproportionately small. Despite this marked reduction in size, the gyral pattern is relatively well preserved, with no major abnormality in cortical architecture. Primary microcephaly is further defined by the absence of other syndromic features or significant neurological deficits. This entity is inherited as autosomal recessive trait.
Zhou L et al. Overexpression of MCPH1 inhibits uncontrolled cell growth by promoting cell apoptosis and arresting the cell cycle in S and G2/M phase in lung cancer cells. Oncol Lett11:365-372 (2016).
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