Overview

Properties

  • FormLiquid
  • Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
  • Storage bufferPreservative: 0.02% Sodium Azide
    Constituents: PBS
  • Concentration information loading...
  • PurityProtein L purified
  • ClonalityPolyclonal
  • IsotypeIgY
  • Research areas

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab48580 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
WB 1/2000 - 1/10000. Detects a strong band of approximately 9 kDa(C3a), two weaker bands one at approximately 115 kDa (C3 alpha), the other at 36 - 50 kDa (unknown or partial cleavage C3).
ELISA 1/2000 - 1/10000.

Target

  • FunctionC3 plays a central role in the activation of the complement system. Its processing by C3 convertase is the central reaction in both classical and alternative complement pathways. After activation C3b can bind covalently, via its reactive thioester, to cell surface carbohydrates or immune aggregates.
    Derived from proteolytic degradation of complement C3, C3a anaphylatoxin is a mediator of local inflammatory process. In chronic inflammation, acts as a chemoattractant for neutrophils (By similarity). It induces the contraction of smooth muscle, increases vascular permeability and causes histamine release from mast cells and basophilic leukocytes.
    C3-beta-c: Acts as a chemoattractant for neutrophils in chronic inflammation.
    Acylation stimulating protein: adipogenic hormone that stimulates triglyceride (TG) synthesis and glucose transport in adipocytes, regulating fat storage and playing a role in postprandial TG clearance. Appears to stimulate TG synthesis via activation of the PLC, MAPK and AKT signaling pathways. Ligand for C5AR2. Promotes the phosphorylation, ARRB2-mediated internalization and recycling of C5AR2 (PubMed:8376604, PubMed:2909530, PubMed:9059512, PubMed:10432298, PubMed:15833747, PubMed:16333141, PubMed:19615750).
  • Tissue specificityPlasma. The acylation stimulating protein (ASP) is expressed in adipocytes and released into the plasma during both the fasting and postprandial periods.
  • Involvement in diseaseComplement component 3 deficiency
    Macular degeneration, age-related, 9
    Hemolytic uremic syndrome atypical 5
    Increased levels of C3 and its cleavage product ASP, are associated with obesity, diabetes and coronary heart disease. Short-term endurance training reduces baseline ASP levels and subsequently fat storage.
  • Sequence similaritiesContains 1 anaphylatoxin-like domain.
    Contains 1 NTR domain.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    C3b is rapidly split in two positions by factor I and a cofactor to form iC3b (inactivated C3b) and C3f which is released. Then iC3b is slowly cleaved (possibly by factor I) to form C3c (beta chain + alpha' chain fragment 1 + alpha' chain fragment 2), C3dg and C3f. Other proteases produce other fragments such as C3d or C3g. C3a is further processed by carboxypeptidases to release the C-terminal arginine residue generating the acylation stimulating protein (ASP). Levels of ASP are increased in adipocytes in the postprandial period and by insulin and dietary chylomicrons.
    Phosphorylated by FAM20C in the extracellular medium.
  • Cellular localizationSecreted.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • Acylation stimulating protein antibody
    • AHUS5 antibody
    • ARMD9 antibody
    • ASP antibody
    • C3 and PZP like alpha 2 macroglobulin domain containing protein 1 antibody
    • C3 and PZP-like alpha-2-macroglobulin domain-containing protein 1 antibody
    • C3 antibody
    • C3adesArg antibody
    • C3bc antibody
    • CO3_HUMAN antibody
    • Complement C3 alpha chain antibody
    • Complement C3 antibody
    • Complement C3c alpha'' chain fragment 2 antibody
    • Complement component 3 antibody
    • Complement component C3 antibody
    • Complement factor 3 antibody
    • CPAMD1 antibody
    • Plp antibody
    see all

References for Anti-C3 / C3a antibody (ab48580)

ab48580 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"