Anti-C3a / C3a des Arg antibody [4H3] (ab37230)

Overview

Properties

  • FormLiquid
  • Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
  • Storage bufferPreservative: None
    Constituents: 0.1M PBS, 0.05M Sodium chloride, pH 7.2
  • Concentration information loading...
  • PurityProtein G purified
  • Purification notesThe concentration of this antibody is lot specific. It is in the range of 0.9-1.1 mg/ml.
  • ClonalityMonoclonal
  • Clone number4H3
  • IsotypeIgG1
  • Research areas

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab37230 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ELISA Use at an assay dependent concentration.
WB Use at an assay dependent concentration. Detects a band of approximately 8-9 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 187 kDa).
IHC-P Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

Target

  • FunctionC3 plays a central role in the activation of the complement system. Its processing by C3 convertase is the central reaction in both classical and alternative complement pathways. After activation C3b can bind covalently, via its reactive thioester, to cell surface carbohydrates or immune aggregates.
    Derived from proteolytic degradation of complement C3, C3a anaphylatoxin is a mediator of local inflammatory process. It induces the contraction of smooth muscle, increases vascular permeability and causes histamine release from mast cells and basophilic leukocytes.
  • Tissue specificityPlasma.
  • Involvement in diseaseDefects in C3 are the cause of complement component 3 deficiency (C3D) [MIM:613779]. A rare defect of the complement classical pathway. Patients develop recurrent, severe, pyogenic infections because of ineffective opsonization of pathogens. Some patients may also develop autoimmune disorders, such as arthralgia and vasculitic rashes, lupus-like syndrome and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis.
    Genetic variation in C3 is associated with susceptibility to age-related macular degeneration type 9 (ARMD9) [MIM:611378]. ARMD is a multifactorial eye disease and the most common cause of irreversible vision loss in the developed world. In most patients, the disease is manifest as ophthalmoscopically visible yellowish accumulations of protein and lipid that lie beneath the retinal pigment epithelium and within an elastin-containing structure known as Bruch membrane.
    Defects in C3 are a cause of susceptibility to hemolytic uremic syndrome atypical type 5 (AHUS5) [MIM:612925]. An atypical form of hemolytic uremic syndrome. It is a complex genetic disease characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, renal failure and absence of episodes of enterocolitis and diarrhea. In contrast to typical hemolytic uremic syndrome, atypical forms have a poorer prognosis, with higher death rates and frequent progression to end-stage renal disease. Note=Susceptibility to the development of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome can be conferred by mutations in various components of or regulatory factors in the complement cascade system. Other genes may play a role in modifying the phenotype.
  • Sequence similaritiesContains 1 anaphylatoxin-like domain.
    Contains 1 NTR domain.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    C3b is rapidly split in two positions by factor I and a cofactor to form iC3b (inactivated C3b) and C3f which is released. Then iC3b is slowly cleaved (possibly by factor I) to form C3c (beta chain + alpha' chain fragment 1 + alpha' chain fragment 2), C3dg and C3f. Other proteases produce other fragments such as C3d or C3g.
    Phosphorylation sites are present in the extracelllular medium.
  • Cellular localizationSecreted.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • Acylation stimulating protein antibody
    • Acylation stimulating protein cleavage product antibody
    • ASP antibody
    • C3 and PZP-like alpha-2-macroglobulin domain-containing protein 1 antibody
    • C3 antibody
    • CO3_HUMAN antibody
    • Complement C3c alpha'' chain fragment 2 antibody
    • Complement component 3 antibody
    • Complement factor 3 antibody
    • Plp antibody
    see all

Anti-C3a / C3a des Arg antibody [4H3] images

  • IHC image of ab37230 staining in human normal liver formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica BondTM system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab37230, 1µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.

    For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.

References for Anti-C3a / C3a des Arg antibody [4H3] (ab37230)

ab37230 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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The immunogen is taken from the Human C3a/ C3a des Arg fragment of the C3 protein. Therefore, the antibody is likely to detect both, although this has not been specifically tested in the laboratory.

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Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"