FunctionThe alpha-2/delta subunit of voltage-dependent calcium channels regulates calcium current density and activation/inactivation kinetics of the calcium channel. Acts as a regulatory subunit for P/Q-type calcium channel (CACNA1A), N-type (CACNA1B), L-type (CACNA1C OR CACNA1D) but not T-type (CACNA1G).
Tissue specificityOnly detected in brain. Not present in lung, testis, aorta, spleen, jejunum, ventricular muscle and kidney (at protein level). According to PubMed:11687876, it is brain-specific, while according to PubMed:11245980, it is widely expressed.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the calcium channel subunit alpha-2/delta family. Contains 1 cache domain. Contains 1 VWFA domain.
DomainThe MIDAS-like motif in the VWFA domain binds divalent metal cations and is required to promote trafficking of the alpha-1 (CACNA1) subunit to the plasma membrane by an integrin-like switch.
Post-translational modificationsN-glycosylated. May be proteolytically processed into subunits alpha-2-3 and delta-3 that are disulfide-linked. It is however unclear whether such cleavage really takes place in vivo and has a functional role.