Purification notesThis product is an IgG fraction antibody purified from monospecific antiserum by a multi-step process including delipidation, salt fractionation and ion exchange chromatography followed by extensive dialysis against buffer.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Application notesDot: Use at an assay dependent dilution.
ELISA: 1/4000 - 1/20000. This antibody has been assayed against 1.0µg of Carbonic Anhydrase II in a standard capture ELISA using Peroxidase conjugated streptavidin and ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis-[3-ethylbenthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid]) as a substrate for 30 minutes at RT.
IM: Use at an assay dependent dilution.
WB: Use at an assay dependent dilution. Predicted molecular weight: 29 kDa.
Suitable for other antibody based assays using streptavidin or avidin conjugates.
Not yet tested in other applications.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
FunctionEssential for bone resorption and osteoclast differentiation (By similarity). Reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. Can hydrates cyanamide to urea. Involved in the regulation of fluid secretion into the anterior chamber of the eye.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in CA2 are the cause of osteopetrosis autosomal recessive type 3 (OPTB3) [MIM:259730]; also known as osteopetrosis with renal tubular acidosis, carbonic anhydrase II deficiency syndrome, Guibaud-Vainsel syndrome or marble brain disease. Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disease characterized by abnormally dense bone, due to defective resorption of immature bone. The disorder occurs in two forms: a severe autosomal recessive form occurring in utero, infancy, or childhood, and a benign autosomal dominant form occurring in adolescence or adulthood. Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is usually associated with normal or elevated amount of non-functional osteoclasts. OPTB3 is associated with renal tubular acidosis, cerebral calcification (marble brain disease) and in some cases with mental retardation.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the alpha-carbonic anhydrase family.