The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 1 - 4 µg/ml.
Recommend PFA Fixation and Triton X-100 treatment
1/250 - 1/500.
1/200 - 1/500. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
FunctionRequired for assembly of dynein regulatory complex (DRC) and inner dynein arm complexes, which are responsible for ciliary beat regulation, thereby playing a central role in motility in cilia and flagella. Not required for outer dynein arm complexes assembly. Required for axonemal recruitment of CCDC39.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in CCDC40 are the cause of primary ciliary dyskinesia type 15 (CILD15) [MIM:613808]. A disorder characterized by abnormalities of motile cilia. Respiratory infections leading to chronic inflammation and bronchiectasis are recurrent, due to defects in the respiratory cilia; reduced fertility is often observed in male patients due to abnormalities of sperm tails. Half of the patients exhibit randomization of left-right body asymmetry and situs inversus, due to dysfunction of monocilia at the embryonic node. Primary ciliary dyskinesia associated with situs inversus is referred to as Kartagener syndrome.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the CCDC40 family.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Cell projection > cilium. Localizes to cytoplasm and motile cilium.