The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use 10µl for 106 cells.
FunctionA SLe(x)-type proteoglycan, which through high affinity, calcium-dependent interactions with E-, P- and L-selectins, mediates rapid rolling of leukocytes over vascular surfaces during the initial steps in inflammation. Critical for the initial leukocyte capture. (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for enterovirus 71.
Tissue specificityExpressed on neutrophils, monocytes and most lymphocytes.
Post-translational modificationsDisplays complex, core-2, sialylated and fucosylated O-linked oligosaccharides, at least some of which appear to contain poly-N-acetyllactosamine with varying degrees of substitution. Mainly disialylated or neutral forms of the core-2 tetrasaccharide, Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->6(Galbeta1-->3)GalNAcOH. The GlcN:GalN ratio is approximately 2:1 and the Man:Fuc ratio 3:5. Contains about 14% fucose with alpha-1,3 linkage present in two forms: One species is a disialylated, monofucosylated glycan, and the other, a monosialylated, trifucosylated glycan with a polylactosamine backbone. The fucosylated forms carry the Lewis antigen and are important for interaction with selectins and for functioning in leukocyte rolling. The modification containing the sialyl Lewis X glycan is on Thr-57. No sulfated O-glycans. Some N-glycosylation. Sulfation, in conjunction with the SLe(x)-containing glycan, is necessary for P- and L-selectin binding. High affinity P-selectin binding has a preferred requirement for the isomer sulfated on both Tyr-48 and Tyr-51, whereas L-selectin binding requires predominantly sulfation on Tyr-51 with sulfation on Tyr-48 playing only a minor role. These sulfations play an important role in L- and P-selectin-mediated neutrophil recruitment, and leukocyte rolling.