The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/30 - 1/40.
1/1000 - 1/10000.
1/500 - 1/1000.
Is unsuitable for Flow Cyt.
Acute phase-regulated receptor involved in clearance and endocytosis of hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes by macrophages and may thereby protect tissues from free hemoglobin-mediated oxidative damage. May play a role in the uptake and recycling of iron, via endocytosis of hemoglobin/haptoglobin and subsequent breakdown of heme. Binds hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes in a calcium-dependent and pH-dependent manner. Exhibits a higher affinity for complexes of hemoglobin and multimeric haptoglobin of HP*1F phenotype than for complexes of hemoglobin and dimeric haptoglobin of HP*1S phenotype. Induces a cascade of intracellular signals that involves tyrosine kinase-dependent calcium mobilization, inositol triphosphate production and secretion of IL6 and CSF1. Isoform 3 exhibits the higher capacity for ligand endocytosis and the more pronounced surface expression when expressed in cells. After shedding, the soluble form (sCD163) may play an anti-inflammatory role, and may be a valuable diagnostic parameter for monitoring macrophage activation in inflammatory conditions.
Expressed in monocytes and mature macrophages such as Kupffer cells in the liver, red pulp macrophages in the spleen, cortical macrophages in the thymus, resident bone marrow macrophages and meningeal macrophages of the central nervous system. Expressed also in blood. Isoform 1 is the lowest abundant in the blood. Isoform 2 is the lowest abundant in the liver and the spleen. Isoform 3 is the predominant isoform detected in the blood.
Contains 9 SRCR domains.
The SRCR domain 3 mediates calcium-sensitive interaction with hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes.
A soluble form (sCD163) is produced by proteolytic shedding which can be induced by lipopolysaccharide, phorbol ester and Fc region of immunoglobulin gamma. This cleavage is dependent on protein kinase C and tyrosine kinases and can be blocked by protease inhibitors. The shedding is inhibited by the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase TIMP3, and thus probably induced by membrane-bound metalloproteinases ADAMs. Phosphorylated.
Secreted and Cell membrane. Isoform 1 and isoform 2 show a lower surface expression when expressed in cells.
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin embedded Human liver tissue labeling CD163 with ab189915 at 1/1000 with prediluted ImmunoHistoprobe(Ready to use) HRP Polymer for Rabbit IgG as secondary antibody.
Immunoprecipitation - (ab189915)
Immunoprecipitation. ab189915 at 1/1000 labeling CD163 in Human fetal kidney lysate immunoprecipitated using ab189915 at 1/50.
Western blot - (ab189915)
All lanes : Anti-CD163 antibody [EPR14643-36] - C-terminal (ab189915) at 1/5000 dilution
Lane 1 : Human placenta lysate Lane 2 : Human fetal liver lysate
Lysates/proteins at 20 µg per lane.
Secondary Anti-Rabbit IgG (HRP), specific to the non-reduced form of IgG at 1/1000 dilution
Tseng HY et al. Oncogenic MCT-1 activation promotes YY1-EGFR-MnSOD signaling and tumor progression. Oncogenesis6:e313 (2017).
Read more (PubMed: 28394354) »
Perelygina L et al. Rubella persistence in epidermal keratinocytes and granuloma M2 macrophages in patients with primary immunodeficiencies. J Allergy Clin Immunol138:1436-1439.e11 (2016).
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