This antibody gave a positive signal in the following Human lysates:
Spleen Tissue, Colon Tissue, Brain Tissue, K562 Whole Cell, THP1 Whole Cell, U937 Whole Cell, HL60 Whole Cell
This antibody gave a positive result when used in the following formaldehyde fixed cell lines: JEG3.
This antibody gave a positive result in IHC in the following FFPE tissue: Human normal placenta
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml.
Use a concentration of 0.1 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 22 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 14 kDa).
FunctionPotent inhibitor of the complement membrane attack complex (MAC) action. Acts by binding to the C8 and/or C9 complements of the assembling MAC, thereby preventing incorporation of the multiple copies of C9 required for complete formation of the osmolytic pore. This inhibitor appears to be species-specific. Involved in signal transduction for T-cell activation complexed to a protein tyrosine kinase. The soluble form from urine retains its specific complement binding activity, but exhibits greatly reduced ability to inhibit MAC assembly on cell membranes.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in CD59 are the cause of CD59 deficiency (CD59D) [MIM:612300].
Sequence similaritiesContains 1 UPAR/Ly6 domain.
Post-translational modificationsN- and O-glycosylated. The N-glycosylation mainly consists of a family of biantennary complex-type structures with and without lactosamine extensions and outer arm fucose residues. Also significant amounts of triantennary complexes (22%). Variable sialylation also present in the Asn-43 oligosaccharide. The predominant O-glycans are mono-sialylated forms of the disaccharide, Gal-beta-1,3GalNAc, and their sites of attachment are probably on Thr-76 and Thr-77. The GPI-anchor of soluble urinary CD59 has no inositol-associated phospholipid, but is composed of seven different GPI-anchor variants of one or more monosaccharide units. Major variants contain sialic acid, mannose and glucosamine Sialic acid linked to an N-acetylhexosamine-galactose arm is present in two variants. Glycated. Glycation is found in diabetic subjects, but only at minimal levels in nondiabetic subjects. Glycated CD59 lacks MAC-inhibitory function and confers to vascular complications of diabetes.
Cellular localizationCell membrane. Secreted. Soluble form found in a number of tissues.
IHC image of CD59 staining in Human normal placenta formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica Bond™ system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab69084, 0.1µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.
ICC/IF image of ab69084 stained JEG3 cells. The cells were 4% formaldehyde fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody ab69084 at 5µg/ml overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was DyLight® 488 goat anti- rabbit (ab96899) IgG (H+L) used at a 1/250 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
Western blot - CD59 antibody (ab69084)
All lanes : Anti-CD59 antibody (ab69084) at 1 µg/ml
Lane 1 : Human spleen tissue lysate - total protein (ab29699) Lane 2 : Human colon tissue lysate - total protein (ab30051) Lane 3 : Human brain tissue lysate - total protein (ab29466) Lane 4 : K562 (Human erythromyeloblastoid leukemia cell line) Whole Cell Lysate Lane 5 : THP1 (Human acute monocytic leukemia cell line) Whole Cell Lysate Lane 6 : U937 (Human leukemic monocyte lymphoma cell line) Whole Cell Lysate Lane 7 : HL60 (Human promyelocytic leukemia cell line) Whole Cell Lysate
Lysates/proteins at 10 µg per lane.
Secondary Goat polyclonal to Rabbit IgG - H&L - Pre-Adsorbed (HRP) at 1/3000 dilution