Synthetic peptide (the amino acid sequence is considered to be commercially sensitive) corresponding to Human Cdk4 aa 250 to the C-terminus (C terminal). Database link: P11802
WB: HeLa, MCF7 and K562 cell lysates.
ICC/IF: Wild-type HAP1 and HeLa cells.
Mouse, Rat: We have preliminary internal testing data to indicate this antibody may not react with these species. Please contact us for more information.
Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents
We are constantly working hard to ensure we provide our customers with best in class antibodies. As a result of this work we are pleased to now offer this antibody in purified format. We are in the process of updating our datasheets. The purified format is designated 'PUR' on our product labels. If you have any questions regarding this update, please contact our Scientific Support team.
This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.
Shipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C. Stable for 12 months at -20°C.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/1000 - 1/10000. Detects a band of approximately 34 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 34 kDa).
This product gave a positive signal in HAP1 cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min) and 100% methanol (5 min)
Is unsuitable for IHC-P.
Ser/Thr-kinase component of cyclin D-CDK4 (DC) complexes that phosphorylate and inhibit members of the retinoblastoma (RB) protein family including RB1 and regulate the cell-cycle during G(1)/S transition. Phosphorylation of RB1 allows dissociation of the transcription factor E2F from the RB/E2F complexes and the subsequent transcription of E2F target genes which are responsible for the progression through the G(1) phase. Hypophosphorylates RB1 in early G(1) phase. Cyclin D-CDK4 complexes are major integrators of various mitogenenic and antimitogenic signals. Also phosphorylates SMAD3 in a cell-cycle-dependent manner and represses its transcriptional activity. Component of the ternary complex, cyclin D/CDK4/CDKN1B, required for nuclear translocation and activity of the cyclin D-CDK4 complex.
Involvement in disease
Defects in CDK4 are a cause of susceptibility to cutaneous malignant melanoma type 3 (CMM3) [MIM:609048]. Malignant melanoma is a malignant neoplasm of melanocytes, arising de novo or from a pre-existing benign nevus, which occurs most often in the skin but also may involve other sites.
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. CDC2/CDKX subfamily. Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
Phosphorylation at Thr-172 is required for enzymatic activity. Phosphorylated, in vitro, at this site by CCNH-CDK7, but, in vivo, appears to be phosphorylated by a proline-directed kinase. In the cyclin D-CDK4-CDKN1B complex, this phosphorylation and consequent CDK4 enzyme activity, is dependent on the tyrosine phosphorylation state of CDKN1B. Thus, in proliferating cells, CDK4 within the complex is phosphorylated on Thr-172 in the T-loop. In resting cells, phosphorylation on Thr-172 is prevented by the non-tyrosine-phosphorylated form of CDKN1B.
Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Membrane. Cytoplasmic when non-complexed. Forms a cyclin D-CDK4 complex in the cytoplasm as cells progress through G(1) phase. The complex accumulates on the nuclear membrane and enters the nucleus on transition from G(1) to S phase. Also present in nucleoli and heterochromatin lumps. Colocalizes with RB1 after release into the nucleus.
Western blot - Anti-Cdk4 antibody [EPR4513-54-3] (ab108355)
Lanes 1, 3 and 5: Wild-type HAP1 cell lysate (20 µg) Lanes 2, 4 and 6: CDK4 knockout HAP1 cell lysate (20 µg) Lanes 1 and 2: Green signal from target - ab108355 observed at 34 kDa Lanes 3 and 4: Red signal from loading control - ab8226 observed at 42 kDa Lanes 5 and 6: Merged (red and green) signal ab108355 was shown to specifically react with CDK4 when CDK4 knockout samples were used. Wild-type and CDK4 knockout samples were subjected to SDS-PAGE. ab108355 and ab8226 (loading control to beta actin) were both diluted at 1/1000 and incubated overnight at 4°C. Blots were developed with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (IRDye® 800CW) preadsorbed (ab216773) and Goat anti-Mouse IgG H&L (IRDye® 680RD) preadsorbed (ab216776) secondary antibodies at 1/10 000 dilution for 1 h at room temperature before imaging.
ab108355 staining Cdk4 in wild-type HAP1 cells (top panel) and Cdk4 knockout HAP1 cells (bottom panel). The cells were fixed with 100% methanol (5min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab108355 at 1/400 dilution and ab7291 at 1μg/ml concentration overnight at +4°C, followed by a further incubation at room temperature for 1h with a goat secondary antibody to Rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150081) at 2 μg/ml (shown in green) and a goat secondary antibody to Mouse IgG (Alexa Fluor® 594) (ab150120) (shown in pseudo colour red). Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.
Immunofluorescence staining of MCF7 cells with purified ab108355 at a working dilution of 1/100, counter-stained with DAPI. The secondary antibody was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit (ab150077), used at a dilution of 1/1000. ab7291, a mouse anti-tubulin antibody (1/1000), was used to stain tubulin along with ab150120 (Alexa Fluor® 594 goat anti-mouse, 1/1000), shown in the top right hand panel. The cells were fixed in 4% PFA and permeabilized using 0.1% Triton X 100. The negative controls are shown in bottom middle and right hand panels - for negative control 1, purified ab108355 was used at a dilution of 1/500 followed by an Alexa Fluor® 594 goat anti-mouse antibody (ab150120) at a dilution of 1/500. For negative control 2, ab7291 (mouse anti-tubulin) was used at a dilution of 1/500 followed by an Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit antibody (ab150077) at a dilution of 1/400.
Western blot - Anti-Cdk4 antibody [EPR4513-54-3] (ab108355)
All lanes : Anti-Cdk4 antibody [EPR4513-54-3] (ab108355) at 1/5000 dilution (purified)
Lane 1 : HeLa cell lysate Lane 2 : K562 cell lysate Lane 3 : Ramos cell lysate
Lysates/proteins at 10 µg per lane.
Secondary All lanes : HRP goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) at 1/50000 dilution
Predicted band size: 34 kDa Observed band size: 34 kDa