The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 1 - 3 µg/ml. Predicted molecular weight: 95 kDa.
FunctionSeems to be a major component of sperm tail outer dense fibers (ODF). ODFs are filamentous structures located on the outside of the axoneme in the midpiece and principal piece of the mammalian sperm tail and may help to maintain the passive elastic structures and elastic recoil of the sperm tail. May have a modulating influence on sperm motility. Functions as a general scaffold protein that is specifically localized at the distal/subdistal appendages of mother centrioles. Component of the centrosome matrix required for the localization of PLK1 and NIN to the centrosomes. Required for the formation and/or maintenance of normal CETN1 assembly.
Tissue specificityTestis-specific (at protein level). Highly expressed in cytoplasm of step 2 round spermatids. Detected in the middle piece and extends to about half the principal piece of the sperm tails.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm > cytoskeleton > centrosome. Cell projection > cilium. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton > centrosome > centriole. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton > spindle pole. Localized at the microtubule organizing centers in interphase and spindle poles in mitosis. Localized at the distal/subdistal appendages of mother centrioles.