Complex I Enzyme Activity Microplate Assay Kit (Colorimetric) (ab109721)


  • Product nameComplex I Enzyme Activity Microplate Assay Kit (Colorimetric)
    See all Complex I kits
  • Detection methodColorimetric
  • Tests
    1 x 96 well plate
  • Sample type
    Cell culture extracts, Tissue
  • Assay typeEnzyme activity
  • Assay durationMultiple steps standard assay
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Cow, Human
  • Product overview

    Complex I Enzyme Activity Assay Kit (ab109721) is a kit designed for the analysis of mitochondrial OXPHOS Complex I enzyme activity from human, rat, mouse and bovine cell and tissue extracts.
    Capture antibodies specific for Complex I are pre-coated in the microplate wells. Samples are added to the microplate wells which have been precoated with a specific capture antibody. After the target has been immobilized in the well, Complex I activity is determined by following the oxidation of NADH to NAD+ and the simultaneous reduction of a dye which leads to increased absorbance at OD=450 nm. By analyzing the enzyme's activity in an isolated context, outside of the cell and free from any other variables, an accurate measurement of the enzyme's functional state can be understood.


    Complex I activity is controlled by enzyme amount and by post-translational phosphorylation at key specific regulatory residues. Cellular metabolism governs these two factors. Ultimately, the cell type and growth conditions will affect Complex I activity measurements.


    Note: This activity assay measures the diaphorase-type activity of Complex I. This activity is not dependant on the presence of ubiquinone and therefore inhibitors, such as rotenone, which bind at or near the ubiquinone binding site do not inhibit this assay. However, both the activity assay and the quantity assay described here are affected by enzyme assembly deficiencies.

  • Notes

    ab109721 is shipped at 4°C. 20X NADH and 100X Dye are shipped lyophilized. Rehydrate 20X NADH by adding 1.1 mL H2O. Rehydrate 100X Dye by adding 0.25 mL H2O, then vortex each thoroughly until dissolved. After hydration unused amounts of these two materials should be stored at -80°C. When planning multiple experiments, aliquot these reagents to prevent freeze thaw cycles. Store all other components at 4°C

  • Tested applicationsSuitable for: Functional Studiesmore details
  • PlatformReagents


  • Alternative names
    • NADH dehydrogenase


Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab109721 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
Functional Studies Use at an assay dependent dilution.

Complex I Enzyme Activity Microplate Assay Kit (Colorimetric) images

  • ab109721 measures Complex I activity in human and rat cultured cells but also in tissues/tissue mitochondria samples within the recommended ranges given in the protocol. (Note that these ranges depend on mitochondria preparation quality.) Examples of Complex I activity measured in different rat and mouse mitochondrial samples are shown in the graphs above.
  • (A) ab10972 was used to determine the Complex I activity in normal fibroblasts and rho0 fibroblasts (cells in which the mtDNA is removed and hence essential Complex I proteins are not expressed). The rho0 cells showed no/little complex I activity. In a similar analysis, (B) rat cardiomyocytes were grown for 5 days in ± 40 µM chloramphenicol (CAM) to inhibit mitochondrial protein synthesis, Complex I assembly and hence activity was greatly reduced.
  • Principle of Complex I Enzyme Activity Microplate Assay Kit (ab109721)


References for Complex I Enzyme Activity Microplate Assay Kit (Colorimetric) (ab109721)

This product has been referenced in:
  • Yao X  et al. Mitochondrial ROS Induces Cardiac Inflammation via a Pathway through mtDNA Damage in a Pneumonia-Related Sepsis Model. PLoS One 10:e0139416 (2015). Functional Studies ; Rat . Read more (PubMed: 26448624) »
  • Pertega-Gomes N  et al. A glycolytic phenotype is associated with prostate cancer progression and aggressiveness: a role for monocarboxylate transporters as metabolic targets for therapy. J Pathol 236:517-30 (2015). Functional Studies . Read more (PubMed: 25875424) »

See all 21 Publications for this product

Product Wall

Complex I activity in HCT116 cells

Excellent Good 4/5 (Ease of Use)
HCT116 cells were cultivated in standard DMEM medium for 48 hrs. Cell preparation was performed as described in the protocol. Protein concentration in each sample was quantified and adjusted by Bradford assay.
We looked at complex I activity dependent on the protein amount applied to the plate (fig.) thus we would suggest to use protein amounts around 200 µg for this assay.
The kit is easy to use but takes a long time to perform. The results seem to be reliable.

Mr. Christian Marx

Verified customer

Submitted Dec 12 2013

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The detergent is a non ionic native detergent for fully lysing mitochondrial membrane (both) – n-dodecyl-b-d-maltoside Aka lauryl maltoside. This has been used for many years in the preparation of mitochond...

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The sample extraction is native so care needs to be taken to extract the samples at equivalent starting concentrations to maintain the protein : detergent ratio and maintain enzyme integrity and activity.
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Thank you for your phone call. I am sorry for the confusion.

Step 3 "Determine the sample protein concentration using a standard method such as BCA method. Adjust the concentration of the sample to 5.5 mg/ml using PBS. For details of sam...

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Samples prepared for dipstick can also work in microplate and vice vera. You could reference to the following guide for sample preparation:

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1) Yes, the mitochondrial isoaltion kit is suitable for use with all kits listed.

2) Suspend the prepared mitochondria to 5.5 mg/mL as described in the attached document and follow from step 5 (adding detergent to mitochondia) to generat...

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Please see below for further clarification regarding the following questions:

Is it OK to extract mitos from frozen tissues?

A: yes, you can extract mitos from frozen tissues but be aware that freezen/ thaw cycle would weaken the cell...

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Yes, you can use frozen tissues as sample for all three kits. As a reminder, please follow each individual protocol included with each kit to prepare samples for that particular assay.

4C temperature should be ok to use when centrifuging.

I can confirm the the mitochondria prepared with ab110168 can be frozen and stored in -80 C to be compatible for subsequent analysis using ab109721 kit. However, we cannot guarantee all other mitochondria activity kits available in Abcam catalog can be...

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