The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/500 - 1/1000. Detects a band of approximately 12 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 12 kDa).
Use a concentration of 10 µg/ml.
Electron carrier protein. The oxidized form of the cytochrome c heme group can accept an electron from the heme group of the cytochrome c1 subunit of cytochrome reductase. Cytochrome c then transfers this electron to the cytochrome oxidase complex, the final protein carrier in the mitochondrial electron-transport chain. Plays a role in apoptosis. Suppression of the anti-apoptotic members or activation of the pro-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family leads to altered mitochondrial membrane permeability resulting in release of cytochrome c into the cytosol. Binding of cytochrome c to Apaf-1 triggers the activation of caspase-9, which then accelerates apoptosis by activating other caspases.
Involvement in disease
Defects in CYCS are the cause of thrombocytopenia type 4 (THC4) [MIM:612004]; also known as autosomal dominant thrombocytopenia type 4. Thrombocytopenia is the presence of relatively few platelets in blood. THC4 is a non-syndromic form of thrombocytopenia. Clinical manifestations of thrombocytopenia are absent or mild. THC4 may be caused by dysregulated platelet formation.
Western blot - Anti-Cytochrome C antibody (ab53056)
All lanes : Anti-Cytochrome C antibody (ab53056) at 1/500 dilution
Lane 1 : extracts from Cos7 cells, no immunising peptide Lane 2 : extracts from Cos7 cells, immunising peptide present
Predicted band size : 12 kDa Observed band size : 12 kDa
Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence - Anti-Cytochrome C antibody (ab53056)
ICC/IF image of ab53056 stained HepG2 cells. The cells were 4% formaldehyde fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody ab53056 at 10µg/ml overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was DyLight® 488 goat anti- rabbit (ab96899) IgG (H+L) used at a 1/250 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
References for Anti-Cytochrome C antibody (ab53056)
This product has been referenced in:
Zhu Y et al. a- and ß-Naphthoflavone synergistically attenuate H2O2-induced neuron SH-SY5Y cell damage. Exp Ther Med13:1143-1150 (2017).
Read more (PubMed: 28450955) »
Cahova M et al. Metformin prevents ischemia reperfusion-induced oxidative stress in the fatty liver by attenuation of reactive oxygen species formation. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol309:G100-11 (2015).
Read more (PubMed: 26045616) »