Human bladder carcinoma cell line T24.
Cytokeratins are a subfamily of intermediate filament proteins and are characterized by a remarkable biochemical diversity, represented in human epithelial tissues by at least 20 different polypeptides. They range in molecular weight between 40 kDa and 68 kDa and isoelectric pH between 4.9 – 7.8. The individual human cytokeratins are designated 1 to 20. The various epithelia in the human body usually express cytokeratins which are not only characteristic of the type of epithelium, but also related to the degree of maturation or differentiation within an epithelium. Cytokeratin subtype expression patterns are used to an increasing extent in the distinction of different types of epithelial malignancies. The cytokeratin antibodies are not only of assistance in the differential diagnosis of tumors using immunohistochemistry on tissue sections, but are also a useful tool in cytopathology and flow cytometric assays.
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab9221 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|ICC/IF||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|Dot blot||1/100 - 1/1000.|
|Flow Cyt||1/100 - 1/200. ab170190-Mouse monoclonal IgG1, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.|
|IHC-Fr||1/100 - 1/200.|
|ICC||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|IHC-P||1/100 - 1/200.|
|WB||1/100 - 1/1000.|
Ab9221 staining cells from a human pancreatic cancer cell line by ICC/IF. The cells were PFA fixed and permeabilized in 0.1% Triton X-100 prior to blocking in 1% BSA for 30 minutes at 22°C. Ab9921 was diluted 1/100 and incubated with the sample for 1 hour at 22°C. An Alexa Fluor® 488 conjugated donkey anti-mouse antibody, diluted 1/1000, was used as the secondary.