The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
ICC/IF: 1/100 - 1/250.
IHC-P: 1/100 - 1/250. Antigen retrieval is recommended before commencing with IHC staining protocol. The use of an HRP/AP polymerized secondary antibody is recommended.
WB: 1/1000 - 1/10,000. Predicted molecular weight: 57 kDa.
Is unsuitable for Flow Cyt or IP.
Not yet tested in other applications.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Detected in the suprabasal layer of the stratified epithelium of the esophagus, exocervix, vagina, mouth and lingual mucosa, and in cells and cell clusters in the mucosa and serous gland ducts of the esophageal submucosa (at protein level). Expressed widely in the exocervix and esophageal epithelium, with lowest levels detected in the basal cell layer.
Involvement in disease
Defects in KRT4 are a cause of white sponge nevus of cannon (WSN) [MIM:193900]. WSN is a rare autosomal dominant disorder which predominantly affects non-cornified stratified squamous epithelia. Clinically, it is characterized by the presence of soft, white, and spongy plaques in the oral mucosa. The characteristic histopathologic features are epithelial thickening, parakeratosis, and vacuolization of the suprabasal layer of oral epithelial keratinocytes. Less frequently the mucous membranes of the nose, esophagus, genitalia and rectum are involved.
Jacot TA et al. Development of a composite measure of product adherence, protocol compliance, and semen exposure using DNA and protein biomarkers for topical HIV prevention studies. PLoS One9:e114368 (2014).
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