Recombinant fragment: MSGDEMIFDP TMSKKKKKKK KPFMLDEEGD TQTEETQPSE TKEVEPEPTE DKDLEADEE DTRKKDASDD LDDLNFFNQK KKKKKTKKIF DIDEAEEGVK D, corresponding to amino acids 1-101 of Human EIF2S2 (NP_003899) with a 26 kDa tag
FunctioneIF-2 functions in the early steps of protein synthesis by forming a ternary complex with GTP and initiator tRNA. This complex binds to a 40S ribosomal subunit, followed by mRNA binding to form a 43S preinitiation complex. Junction of the 60S ribosomal subunit to form the 80S initiation complex is preceded by hydrolysis of the GTP bound to eIF-2 and release of an eIF-2-GDP binary complex. In order for eIF-2 to recycle and catalyze another round of initiation, the GDP bound to eIF-2 must exchange with GTP by way of a reaction catalyzed by eIF-2B.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the eIF-2-beta/eIF-5 family.