This antibody does not detect human inducible NOS or rat brain nNOS.
ab5589 has been successfully used in Western blot and immunohistochemistry (paraffin and frozen) procedures. By Western blot, this antibody detects an ~140 kDa protein representing eNOS from human endothelial cells. Immunohistochemical staining of eNOS in Human vascular endothelial cells with ab5589 results in prominent staining of the epithelial cells.
IHC: Human endothelial cells.
WB:canine cardiac microsomes and rat or human lung lysate.
We have received mixed feedback from customers regarding rat specificity; this is why we are temporarily removing Rat from tested species list and no longer guarantee it. Our laboratory is currently testing new lots so please contact our scientific support team (firstname.lastname@example.org) for more information.
Shipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 16797727
1/100. Antigen retrieval is not essential but may optimise staining.
1/1000. Predicted molecular weight: 133 kDa.
By Western blot ab5589 also detects eNOS in canine cardiac microsomes. 5% BSA in TBST is recommended as blocking buffer.
Produces nitric oxide (NO) which is implicated in vascular smooth muscle relaxation through a cGMP-mediated signal transduction pathway. NO mediates vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis in coronary vessels and promotes blood clotting through the activation of platelets. Isoform eNOS13C: Lacks eNOS activity, dominant-negative form that may down-regulate eNOS activity by forming heterodimers with isoform 1.
Platelets, placenta, liver and kidney.
Involvement in disease
Variation in NOS3 seem to be associated with susceptibility to coronary spasm.
Belongs to the NOS family. Contains 1 FAD-binding FR-type domain. Contains 1 flavodoxin-like domain.
Phosphorylation by AMPK at Ser-1177 in the presence of Ca(2+)-calmodulin (CaM) activates activity. In absence of Ca(2+)-calmodulin, AMPK also phosphorylates Thr-495, resulting in inhibition of activity (By similarity). Phosphorylation of Ser-114 by CDK5 reduces activity.
Cell membrane. Membrane, caveola. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Golgi apparatus. Specifically associates with actin cytoskeleton in the G2 phase of the cell cycle and which is favored by interaction with NOSIP and results in a reduced enzymatic activity.
IHC image of eNOS staining in human placenta formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section*, performed on a Leica Bond™ system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab5589, 1/100, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.
*Tissue obtained from the Human Research Tissue Bank, supported by the NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre
Lane 1 : Huvec Lane 2 : Raw264.7 Lane 3 : Mouse Placenta Lane 4 : Rat Placenta Lane 5 : Huvec Lane 6 : Raw264.7 Lane 7 : Mouse Placenta Lane 8 : Rat Placenta Lane 9 : Huvec Lane 10 : Raw264.7 Lane 11 : Mouse Placenta Lane 12 : Rat Placenta Lane 13 : Huvec Lane 14 : Raw264.7 Lane 15 : Mouse Placenta Lane 16 : Rat Placenta
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