May be involved in cell growth. Probably acts as a terminal oxidase of plasma electron transport from cytosolic NAD(P)H via hydroquinones to acceptors at the cell surface. Hydroquinone oxidase activity alternates with a protein disulfide-thiol interchange/oxidoreductase activity which may control physical membrane displacements associated with vesicle budding or cell enlargement. The activities oscillate with a period length of 22 minutes and play a role in control of the ultradian cellular biological clock.
Found in the sera of cancer patients with a wide variety of cancers including breast, prostate, lung and ovarian cancers, leukemias, and lymphomas. Not found in the serum of healthy volunteers or patients with disorders other than cancer. Probably shed into serum by cancer cells. Found on the cell borders of renal, kidney and ovarian carcinomas but not on the borders of surrounding non-cancerous stromal cells.
Belongs to the ENOX family. Contains 1 RRM (RNA recognition motif) domain.
Cell membrane. Secreted > extracellular space. Extracellular and plasma membrane-associated.
Flow Cytometrical analysis of Jurkat cells with ab171420 antibody at a dilution of 1/10 (right histogram) compared to a negative control cell (left histogram). FITC-conjugated donkey-anti-rabbit secondary antibodies were used for the analysis.