ab172730 - Rabbit monoclonal IgG, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.
Application notesIs unsuitable for IHC-P.
FunctionNon-receptor protein-tyrosine kinase implicated in signaling pathways involved in cell motility, proliferation and apoptosis. Activated by tyrosine-phosphorylation in response to either integrin clustering induced by cell adhesion or antibody cross-linking, or via G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) occupancy by ligands such as bombesin or lysophosphatidic acid, or via LDL receptor occupancy. Microtubule-induced dephosphorylation at Tyr-397 is crucial for the induction of focal adhesion disassembly. Plays a potential role in oncogenic transformations resulting in increased kinase activity.
Tissue specificityExpressed in all organs tested, in lymphoid cell lines, but most abundantly in brain.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Tyr protein kinase family. FAK subfamily. Contains 1 FERM domain. Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
DomainThe first Pro-rich domain interacts with the SH3 domain of CRK-associated substrate (BCAR1) and CASL. The carboxy-terminal region is the site of focal adhesion targeting (FAT) sequence which mediates the localization of FAK1 to focal adhesions.
Post-translational modificationsPhosphorylated on 6 tyrosine residues upon activation. Microtubule-induced dephosphorylation at Tyr-397 could be catalyzed by PTPN11 and regulated by ZFYVE21. Dephosphorylated by PTPN11 upon EPHA2 activation by its ligand EFNA1.