The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/100 - 1/500. Epitope exposure is recommended. Epitope exposure with citrate buffer will enhance staining.
FunctionHistone demethylase that specifically demethylates 'Lys-36' of histone H3, thereby playing a central role in histone code. Preferentially demethylates dimethylated H3 'Lys-36' residue while it has weak or no activity for mono- and tri-methylated H3 'Lys-36'. May also recognize and bind to some phosphorylated proteins and promote their ubiquitination and degradation. Required to maintain the heterochromatic state. Associates with centromeres and represses transcription of small non-coding RNAs that are encoded by the clusters of satellite repeats at the centromere. Required to sustain centromeric integrity and genomic stability, particularly during mitosis.
Tissue specificityWidely expressed, with highest levels in brain, testis and ovary, followed by lung.
DomainThe JmjC domain mediates demethylation activity and is required for satellite silencing. The CXXC zinc finger preferentially recognizes nonmethylated CpG DNA, and binding is blocked when the CpG DNA is methylated.
Post-translational modificationsPhosphorylated upon DNA damage, probably by ATM or ATR.
Cellular localizationNucleus > nucleoplasm. Punctate expression throughout the nucleoplasm and enriched in the perinucleolar region. Specifically nucleates at CpG islands where it's presence results in chromatin depleted in H3K36me2.