The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 0.05 - 0.3 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 30 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 36 kDa).
Use a concentration of 2 - 3 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval via the pressure cooker method before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
May have an involvement in muscle development or hypertrophy.
Isoform 1 is highly expressed in skeletal muscle and to a lesser extent in heart, placenta, ovary, prostate, testis, small intestine, colon and spleen. Expression is barely detectable in brain, lung, liver, kidney, pancreas, thymus and peripheral blood leukocytes. Isoform 2 is expressed in brain, skeletal muscle and to a lesser extent in heart, colon, prostate and small intestine. Isoform 3 is expressed in testis, heart and skeletal muscle.
Involvement in disease
Defects in FHL1 are the cause of X-linked dominant scapuloperoneal myopathy (SPM) [MIM:300695]. Scapuloperoneal syndrome (SPS) was initially described more than 120 years ago by Jules Broussard as 'une forme hereditaire d'atrophie musculaire progressive' beginning in the lower legs and affecting the shoulder region earlier and more severely than distal arm. The etiology of this condition remains unclear. Defects in FHL1 are the cause of X-linked myopathy with postural muscle atrophy (XMPMA) [MIM:300696]. Myopathies are inherited muscle disorders characterized by weakness and atrophy of voluntary skeletal muscle, and several types of myopathy also show involvement of cardiac muscle. XMPMA is a distinct form of adult-onset X-linked recessive myopathy with several features in common with other myopathies, but the presentation of a pseudoathletic phenotype, scapuloperoneal weakness, and bent spine is unique and might render the clinical phenotype distinguishable from other myopathies. Defects in FHL1 are the cause of X-linked severe early-onset reducing body myopathy (RBM) [MIM:300717]. RBM is a rare muscle disorder causing progressive muscular weakness and characteristic intracytoplasmic inclusions in myofibers. Clinical presentations of RBM have ranged from early onset fatal to childhood onset to adult onset cases. Defects in FHL1 are the cause of X-linked childhood-onset reducing body myopathy (CO-RBM) [MIM:300718]. This disorder is allelic to severe early-onset reducing body myopathy (RBM) [MIM:300717].
Contains 3 LIM zinc-binding domains.
Elevated levels during postnatal muscle growth.
Cytoplasm; Cytoplasm. Nucleus and Nucleus. Cytoplasm > cytosol. Predominantly nuclear in myoblasts but is cytosolic in differentiated myotubes.
ab23937 staining FHL1 in human testis tissue by Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections). Steamed antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 was performed. AP staining was used as the detection method. Primary antibody incubated at 2.5µg/ml. Image shows fibrous staining in the cytoplasm of developing sperm cells.
D'Arcy C et al. X-linked Recessive Distal Myopathy With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Caused by a Novel Mutation in the FHL1 Gene. J Child NeurolN/A:N/A (2014).
Read more (PubMed: 25246303) »