The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use at an assay dependent concentration. Detects a band of approximately 130, 100 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 108 , 95 kDa).
Detects a band of approximately 130 (isoform Ia) and 100 ( isoform Ib) kDa.
Use at an assay dependent concentration.
FunctionReceptor for GABA. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G-proteins that inhibit adenylyl cyclase activity, stimulates phospholipase A2, activates potassium channels, inactivates voltage-dependent calcium-channels and modulates inositol phospholipids hydrolysis. Plays a critical role in the fine-tuning of inhibitory synaptic transmission. Pre-synaptic GABA-B-R inhibit neurotransmitter release by down-regulating high-voltage activated calcium channels, whereas postsynaptic GABA-B-R decrease neuronal excitability by activating a prominent inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) conductance that underlies the late inhibitory postsynaptic potentials. Not only implicated in synaptic inhibition but also in hippocampal long-term potentiation, slow wave sleep, muscle relaxation and antinociception. Activated by (-)-baclofen, cgp27492 and blocked by phaclofen. Isoform 1E function may be to regulate the availability of functional GABA-B-R1A/GABA-B-R2 heterodimers by competing for GABA-B-R2 dimerization. This could explain the observation that certain small molecule ligands exhibit differential affinity for central versus peripheral sites.
Tissue specificityHighly expressed in brain and weakly in heart, small intestine and uterus. Isoform 1A is mostly expressed in granular cell and molecular layer. Isoform 1B is mostly expressed in Purkinje cells. Isoform 1E is predominantly expressed in peripheral tissues as kidney, lung, trachea, colon, small intestine, stomach, bone marrow, thymus and mammary gland.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 3 family. GABA-B receptor subfamily. Contains 2 Sushi (CCP/SCR) domains.
DomainAlpha-helical parts of the C-terminal intracellular region mediate heterodimeric interaction with GABA-B receptor 2. The linker region between the transmembrane domain 3 (TM3) and the transmembrane domain 4 (TM4) probably play a role in the specificity for G-protein coupling.
Cellular localizationSecreted and Cell membrane. Cell junction > synapse > postsynaptic cell membrane. Colocalizes with ATF4 in hippocampal neuron dendritic membranes (By similarity). Moreover coexpression of GABA-B-R1 and GABA-B-R2 appears to be a prerequisite for maturation and transport of GABA-B-R1 to the plasma membrane.