The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/50 - 1/100.
FunctionOne gap junction consists of a cluster of closely packed pairs of transmembrane channels, the connexons, through which materials of low MW diffuse from one cell to a neighboring cell.
Tissue specificityEye lens.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in GJA8 are the cause of cataract zonular pulverulent type 1 (CZP1) [MIM:116200]. A form of zonular cataract. Zonular or lamellar cataracts are opacities, broad or narrow, usually consisting of powdery white dots affecting only certain layers or zones between the cortex and nucleus of an otherwise clear lens. The opacity may be so dense as to render the entire central region of the lens completely opaque, or so translucent that vision is hardly if at all impeded. Zonular cataracts generally do not involve the embryonic nucleus, though sometimes they involve the fetal nucleus. Usually sharply separated from a clear cortex outside them, they may have projections from their outer edges known as riders or spokes. Defects in GJA8 are the cause of cataract-microcornea syndrome (CAMIS) [MIM:116150]. Cataract-microcornea syndrome is characterized by the association of congenital cataract and microcornea without any other systemic anomaly or dysmorphism. Clinical findings include a corneal diameter inferior to 10 mm in both meridians in an otherwise normal eye, and an inherited cataract, which is most often bilateral posterior polar with opacification in the lens periphery. The cataract progresses to form a total cataract after visual maturity has been achieved, requiring cataract extraction in the first to third decade of life. Microcornea-cataract syndrome can be associated with other rare ocular manifestations, including myopia, iris coloboma, sclerocornea and Peters anomaly. Transmission is in most cases autosomal dominant, but cases of autosomal recessive transmission have recently been described.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the connexin family. Alpha-type (group II) subfamily.
Cellular localizationCell membrane. Cell junction > gap junction.