The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Use at an assay dependent concentration. Predicted molecular weight: 62 kDa.
1/4000 - 1/16000.
1/1000. PubMed: 20925087
Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
May be involved in learning and memory reactions by increasing the turnover of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate.
Involvement in disease
Defects in GLUD1 are the cause of familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia type 6 (HHF6) [MIM:606762]; also known as hyperinsulinism-hyperammonemia syndrome (HHS). Familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia [MIM:256450], also referred to as congenital hyperinsulinism, nesidioblastosis, or persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy (PPHI), is the most common cause of persistent hypoglycemia in infancy and is due to defective negative feedback regulation of insulin secretion by low glucose levels. In HHF6 elevated oxidation rate of glutamate to alpha-ketoglutarate stimulates insulin secretion in the pancreatic beta cells, while they impair detoxification of ammonium in the liver.
Belongs to the Glu/Leu/Phe/Val dehydrogenases family.
Glutamate Dehydrogenase 1 was immunoprecipitated using 0.5mg Mouse Liver tissue lysate, 5µg of Rabbit polyclonal to and 50µl of protein G magnetic beads (+). No antibody was added to the control (-).
The antibody was incubated under agitation with Protein G beads for 10min, Mouse Liver tissue lysate lysate diluted in RIPA buffer was added to each sample and incubated for a further 10min under agitation.
Proteins were eluted by addition of 40µl SDS loading buffer and incubated for 10min at 70°C; 10µl of each sample was separated on a SDS PAGE gel, transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane, blocked with 5% BSA and probed with ab34786.
ICC/IF image of ab34786 stained MCF-7 cells. The cells were 4% formaldehyde fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody ab34786 at 1/1000 dilution overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was DyLight® 488 goat anti- rabbit (ab96899) IgG (H+L) used at a 1/250 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
IHC image of GLUD1 staining in Human normal liver formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica Bond™ system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab34786, 1µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.
Andersen JV et al. Impaired Hippocampal Glutamate and Glutamine Metabolism in the db/db Mouse Model of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Neural Plast2017:2107084 (2017).
Read more (PubMed: 28695014) »
Macdonald MJ et al. Differences between Human and Rodent Pancreatic Islets: LOW PYRUVATE CARBOXYLASE, ATP CITRATE LYASE, AND PYRUVATE CARBOXYLATION AND HIGH GLUCOSE-STIMULATED ACETOACETATE IN HUMAN PANCREATIC ISLETS. J Biol Chem286:18383-96 (2011).
Human, Mouse, Rat
Read more (PubMed: 21454710) »