The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 2.5 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 88 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 103 kDa). Good results were obtained when blocked with 5% non-fat dry milk in 0.05% PBS-T.
FunctionIonotropic glutamate receptor. L-glutamate acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter at many synapses in the central nervous system. Binding of the excitatory neurotransmitter L-glutamate induces a conformation change, leading to the opening of the cation channel, and thereby converts the chemical signal to an electrical impulse. The receptor then desensitizes rapidly and enters a transient inactive state, characterized by the presence of bound agonist. May be involved in the transmission of light information from the retina to the hypothalamus. Modulates cell surface expression of NETO2.
Tissue specificityExpression is higher in cerebellum than in cerebral cortex.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in GRIK2 are the cause of mental retardation autosomal recessive type 6 (MRT6) [MIM:611092]. It is characterized by significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptative behavior and manifested during the developmental period. In contrast to syndromic or specific mental retardation which also present with associated physical, neurological and/or psychiatric manifestations, intellectual deficiency is the only primary symptom of non-syndromic mental retardation. MRT6 patients display mild to severe mental retardation and psychomotor development delay in early childhood. Patients do not have neurologic problems, congenital malformations, or facial dysmorphism. Body height, weight, and head circumference are normal.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the glutamate-gated ion channel (TC 1.A.10.1) family. GRIK2 subfamily.
Post-translational modificationsSumoylation mediates kainate receptor-mediated endocytosis and regulates synaptic transmission. Sumoylation is enhanced by PIAS3 and desumoylated by SENP1. Ubiquitinated. Ubiquitination regulates the GRIK2 levels at the synapse by leading kainate receptor degradation through proteasome.