1/50 - 1/100. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
RelevanceFunction: May promote pyroptosis (Probable). Upon cleavage in vitro of genetically engineered GSDMA, the released N-terminal moiety binds to some types of lipids, such as possibly phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate. Homooligomerizes within the membrane and forms pores of 10 -15 nanometers (nm) of inner diameter, triggering cell death. Also binds to bacterial and mitochondrial lipids, including cardiolipin, and exhibits bactericidal activity (PubMed:27281216). The physiological relevance of these observations is unknown.
Tissue specificity: Expressed predominantly in the gastrointestinal tract and, at a lower level, in the skin. Also detected in mammary gland. In the gastrointestinal tract, mainly expressed in differentiated cells, including the differentiated cell layer of esophagus and mucus-secreting pit cells of the gastric epithelium. Down-regulateded in gastric cancer cells.
Similarity: Belongs to the gasdermin family.
Domain: Intramolecular interactions between N- and C-terminal domains may be important for autoinhibition in the absence of activation signal. The intrinsic pyroptosis-inducing activity is carried by the N-terminal domain.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm, perinuclear region