The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 3.75 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
FunctionHas been shown to act both as an intestinal proton-coupled high-affinity folate transporter and as an intestinal heme transporter which mediates heme uptake from the gut lumen into duodenal epithelial cells. The iron is then released from heme and may be transported into the bloodstream. Dietary heme iron is an important nutritional source of iron. Shows a higher affinity for folate than heme.
Tissue specificityExpressed in kidney, liver, placenta, small intestine, spleen, retina and retinal pigment epithelium. Lower levels found in colon and testis. Very low levels in brain, lung, stomach, heart and muscle. In intestine, expressed in duodenum with lower levels in jejunum, ileum, cecum, rectum and segments of the colon.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in SLC46A1 are the cause of hereditary folate malabsorption (HFM) [MIM:229050]. HFM is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by impaired intestinal folate absorption with folate deficiency resulting in anemia, hypoimmunoglobulinemia with recurrent infections, and recurrent or chronic diarrhea. In many patients, neurological abnormalities such as seizures or mental retardation become apparent during early childhood, attributed to impaired transport of folates into the central nervous system. When diagnosed early, the disorder can be treated by administration of folate. If untreated, it can be fatal and, if treatment is delayed, the neurological defects can become permanent.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the major facilitator superfamily. SLC46A family.
Cellular localizationApical cell membrane. Cytoplasm. Localizes to the apical membrane of intestinal cells in iron-deficient cells, while it resides in the cytoplasm in iron-replete cells.
ab112004, at 3.75µg/ml, staining HCP1 in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded Human Placenta tissue by Immunohistochemistry followed by biotinylated secondary antibody, alkaline phosphatase-streptavidin and chromogen.
References for Anti-HCP1 antibody (ab112004)
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