General notesab94165 is a 293T cell transfected lysate in which Human HDAC1 has been transiently over-expressed using a pCMV-HDAC1 plasmid. The lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer.
Note: For more details about how the transfected lysate was prepared view preparation notes
BackgroundFunction: Responsible for the deacetylation of lysine residues on the N-terminal part of the core histones (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4). Histone deacetylation gives a tag for epigenetic repression and plays an important role in transcriptional regulation, cell cycle progression and developmental events. Histone deacetylases act via the formation of large multiprotein complexes. Deacetylates SP proteins, SP1 and SP3, and regulates their function. Component of the BRG1-RB1-HDAC1 complex, which negatively regulates the CREST-mediated transcription in resting neurons. Upon calcium stimulation, HDAC1 is released from the complex and CREBBP is recruited, which facilitates transcriptional activation. Deacetylates TSHZ3 and regulates its transcriptional repressor activity. Deacetylates 'Lys-310' in RELA and thereby inhibits the transcriptional activity of NF-kappa-B.
PTM: Sumoylated on Lys-444 and Lys-476; which promotes enzymatic activity. Desumoylated by SENP1.
Phosphorylation on Ser-421 and Ser-423 promotes enzymatic activity and interactions with NuRD and SIN3 complexes.
Ubiquitinated by CHFR, leading to its degradation by the proteasome.
Similarity: Belongs to the histone deacetylase family. HD type 1 subfamily.
Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous, with higher levels in heart, pancreas and testis, and lower levels in kidney and brain.