The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/10000 - 1/50000. Detects a band of approximately 160 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 111 kDa).
1/250 - 1/500. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
1/100 - 1/250.
Is unsuitable for Flow Cyt or IP.
Responsible for the deacetylation of lysine residues on the N-terminal part of the core histones (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4). Histone deacetylation gives a tag for epigenetic repression and plays an important role in transcriptional regulation, cell cycle progression and developmental events. Represses MEF2-dependent transcription. Isoform 3 lacks active site residues and therefore is catalytically inactive. Represses MEF2-dependent transcription by recruiting HDAC1 and/or HDAC3. Seems to inhibit skeletal myogenesis and to be involved in heart development. Protects neurons from apoptosis, both by inhibiting JUN phosphorylation by MAPK10 and by repressing JUN transcription via HDAC1 recruitment to JUN promoter.
Broadly expressed, with highest levels in brain, heart, muscle and testis. Isoform 3 is present in human bladder carcinoma cells (at protein level).
Involvement in disease
Note=A chromosomal aberration involving HDAC9 is found in a family with Peters anomaly. Translocation t(1;7)(q41;p21) with TGFB2 resulting in lack of HDAC9 protein.
Belongs to the histone deacetylase family. HD type 2 subfamily.
Phosphorylated on Ser-220 and Ser-450; which promotes 14-3-3-binding, impairs interaction with MEF2, and antagonizes antimyogenic activity. Phosphorylated on Ser-240; which impairs nuclear accumulation (By similarity). Isoform 7 is phosphorylated on Tyr-1010. Phosphorylated by the PKC kinases PKN1 and PKN2, impairing nuclear import. Sumoylated.
Western blot - Anti-HDAC9 antibody [EPR5223] (ab109446)
Lane 1: Wild-type HAP1 whole cell lysate (20 µg) Lane 2: HDAC9 (KO) knockout HAP1 whole cell lysate (20 µg) Lane 3: HepG2 whole cell lysate (20 µg) Lane 4: Raji whole cell lysate (20 µg)
Lanes 1 - 4: Merged signal (red and green). Green - ab109446 observed at 140 kDa. Red - loading control, ab8245, observed at 37 kDa.
ab109446 was shown to specifically recognize HDAC9 in wild-type HAP1 cells along with additional cross-reactive bands. No band was observed when HDAC9 knockout samples were usedexamined. Wild-type and HDAC9 knockout samples were subjected to SDS-PAGE. Ab109446 and ab8245 (Mouse anti GAPDH loading control) were incubated overnight at 4°C at 1/10,000 dilution and 1/10,000 dilution respectively. Blots were developed with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (IRDye® 800CW) preabsorbed ab216773 and Goat anti-Mouse IgG H&L (IRDye® 680RD) preabsorbed ab216776 secondary antibodies at 1/10,000 dilution for 1 hour at room temperature before imaging.
Western blot - HDAC9 antibody [EPR5223] (ab109446)
All lanes : Anti-HDAC9 antibody [EPR5223] (ab109446) at 1/10000 dilution
Lane 1 : K562 cell lysate Lane 2 : HepG2 cell lysate Lane 3 : Raji cell lysate
Di Giorgio E et al. The co-existence of transcriptional activator and transcriptional repressor MEF2 complexes influences tumor aggressiveness. PLoS Genet13:e1006752 (2017).
Read more (PubMed: 28419090) »
Bourgeois CT et al. HDAC9 is an epigenetic repressor of kidney angiotensinogen establishing a sex difference. Biol Sex Differ8:18 (2017).
Read more (PubMed: 28572913) »