Synthetic peptide corresponding to Human HIF-1-alpha conjugated to Keyhole Limpet Haemocyanin (KLH).
Under normoxic conditions HIF-1 alpha has a short half-life. It is largely undetectable in cells or tissues grown under normoxic conditions. It is stabilized only at O2 concentrations below 5% and upon stabilization under hypoxic conditions HIF-1 translocates to the nucleus. Therefore we recommend western blots using nuclear extracts and running Hypoxia treated samples as positive control (ab180880). Hypoxia can be induced with treatment using certain agents e.g. CoCl2 or DFO, etc. so proper sample preparation is critical.
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab82832 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|IHC-P||1/100. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.|
|ELISA||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|WB||1/1000. Detects a band of approximately 107 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 93 kDa).|
IHC image of HIF-1-alpha staining in Human breast adenocarcinoma formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica Bond system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab82832, 1/100 dilution, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.