Anti-Histone H3 (di methyl K79) antibody - ChIP Grade (ab3594)

Overview

  • Product nameAnti-Histone H3 (di methyl K79) antibody - ChIP GradeSee all Histone H3 primary antibodies ...
  • Description
    Rabbit polyclonal to Histone H3 (di methyl K79) - ChIP Grade
  • Specificityab3594 detects a 17 kDa band in single lane Western Blot. Peptide inhibition in Western Blot hasn't been processed. Modification specificity is determined by Peptide Array. ab3594 binds strongly to the Histone H3 dii methyl K79. In Peptide Array ab3594 also partially binds to mono methyl K79 and tri methyl K79 peptides.
  • Tested applicationsChIP, ChIP/Chip, ICC/IF, WB, CHIPseq, Flow Cyt, IHC-P, PepArr more details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Cow, Human, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Caenorhabditis elegans
    Predicted to work with: a wide range of other species, all Mammals, Common Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide conjugated to KLH derived from within residues 50 to the C-terminus of Human Histone H3, di methylated at K79.

    (Peptide available as ab4556.)

  • Positive control
    • Calf Thymus Histone Preparation, Hela whole cell extract

Properties

  • FormLiquid
  • Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
  • Storage bufferpH: 7.40
    Preservative: 0.02% Sodium azide
    Constituent: PBS
    Note: Batches of this product that have a concentration < 1mg/ml may have BSA added as a stabilising agent. If you would like information about the formulation of a specific lot, please contact our scientific support team who will be happy to help.
  • Concentration information loading...
  • PurityImmunogen affinity purified
  • Clonality Polyclonal
  • IsotypeIgG
  • Research Areas

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab3594 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Notes
ChIP Use at an assay dependent concentration.
ChIP/Chip Use at an assay dependent concentration.
ICC/IF Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml.
WB Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 17 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 15 kDa).Can be blocked with Human Histone H3 (di methyl K79) peptide (ab4556).
CHIPseq Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 22196736
Flow Cyt 1/800.
IHC-P Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
PepArr Use a concentration of 0.2 - 0.02 µg/ml.

Target

  • FunctionCore component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
  • Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the histone H3 family.
  • Developmental stageExpressed during S phase, then expression strongly decreases as cell division slows down during the process of differentiation.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me).
    Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.
    Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3' of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.
    Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 (H3K36me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin.
    Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by GSG2/haspin during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCBB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin.
    Monoubiquitinated by RAG1 in lymphoid cells, monoubiquitination is required for V(D)J recombination (By similarity). Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins.
  • Cellular localizationNucleus. Chromosome.
  • Target information above from: UniProt accession P68431 The UniProt Consortium
    The Universal Protein Resource (UniProt) in 2010
    Nucleic Acids Res. 38:D142-D148 (2010) .

    Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • H3 histone family, member J antibody
    • FLJ92264 antibody
    • H3 histone antibody
    • H3 histone antibody
    • H3 histone family, member A antibody
    • H3 histone family, member B antibody
    • H3 histone family, member C antibody
    • H3 histone family, member D antibody
    • H3 histone family, member F antibody
    • H3 histone family, member H antibody
    • H3 histone family, member I antibody
    • H3 histone family, member K antibody
    • H3 histone family, member L antibody
    • H3 histone, family 3A antibody
    • H3.3A antibody
    • H3/a antibody
    • H3/b antibody
    • H3/c antibody
    • H3/d antibody
    • h3/f antibody
    • H3/h antibody
    • H3/i antibody
    • H3/j antibody
    • H3/k antibody
    • H3/l antibody
    • H31_HUMAN antibody
    • H3F1K antibody
    • H3F3 antibody
    • H3FA antibody
    • H3FB antibody
    • H3FC antibody
    • H3FD antibody
    • H3FF antibody
    • H3FH antibody
    • H3FI antibody
    • H3FJ antibody
    • H3FK antibody
    • H3FL antibody
    • HIST1H3A antibody
    • HIST1H3B antibody
    • HIST1H3C antibody
    • HIST1H3D antibody
    • HIST1H3E antibody
    • HIST1H3F antibody
    • HIST1H3G antibody
    • HIST1H3H antibody
    • HIST1H3I antibody
    • HIST1H3J antibody
    • HIST3H3 antibody
    • Histone 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone 1, H3b antibody
    • Histone 1, H3c antibody
    • Histone 1, H3d antibody
    • Histone 1, H3e antibody
    • Histone 1, H3f antibody
    • Histone 1, H3g antibody
    • Histone 1, H3h antibody
    • Histone 1, H3i antibody
    • Histone 1, H3j antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3b antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3c antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3d antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3e antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3f antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3g antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3i antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3j antibody
    • Histone H 3 antibody
    • Histone H3.1 antibody
    • Histone H3.1 antibody
    • Histone H3/a antibody
    • Histone H3/b antibody
    • Histone H3/c antibody
    • Histone H3/d antibody
    • Histone H3/f antibody
    • Histone H3/h antibody
    • Histone H3/i antibody
    • Histone H3/j antibody
    • Histone H3/k antibody
    • Histone H3/l antibody
    see all

Anti-Histone H3 (di methyl K79) antibody - ChIP Grade images

  • ab3594 staining Histone H3 (di methyl K79) in human differentiated haematopoietic stem cells by Flow Cytometry. Cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with permeabilization buffer. The sample was incubated with the primary antibody (1/800) for 12 hours at 4°C. An Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated goat polyclonal anti-rabbit IgG (1/1500) was used as the secondary antibody.
    Gating Strategy: Isotype negative control (white).

    See Abreview

  • Anti-Histone H3 (di methyl K79) antibody - ChIP Grade (ab3594) at 20 µg + HeLa cell lysate at 20 µg

    Secondary
    HRP-conjugated Goat anti-rabbit IgG polyclonal at 1/2000 dilution
    developed using the ECL technique

    Performed under reducing conditions.

    Predicted band size : 15 kDa
    Observed band size : 15 kDa


    Exposure time : 1 minute

    This image is courtesy of an anonymous Abreview

    See Abreview

  • Anti-Histone H3 (di methyl K79) antibody - ChIP Grade (ab3594) at 1 µg/ml + Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate (ab121) at 0.5 µg

    Secondary
    Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/10000 dilution
    developed using the ECL technique

    Performed under reducing conditions.

    Predicted band size : 15 kDa
    Observed band size : 17 kDa (why is the actual band size different from the predicted?)


    Exposure time : 30 seconds
  • All batches of ab3594 are tested in Peptide Array against peptides to different Histone H3 modifications. Six dilutions of each peptide are printed on to the Peptide Array in triplicate and results are averaged before being plotted on to a graph. Results show strong binding to Histone H3 - di methyl K79 peptide (ab4556), indicating that this antibody specifically recognises the Histone H3 - di methyl K79 modification.

    ab4556 - Histone H3 - di methyl K79

    ab4555 - Histone H3 - mono methyl K79

    ab4557 - Histone H3 - tri methyl K79

    ab4560 - Histone H4 - di methyl K79

    ab1772 - Histone H3 - di methyl K9

    ab4558 - Histone H3 - unmodified

  • ChIP analysis using ab3594 binding Histone H3 in HeLa cell nuclear lysate. Cells were cross-linked for 10 minutes with formaldehyde. Samples were incubated with primary antibody (5µg/µg chromatin) for 12 hours at 4°C. Protein binding was detected using real-time PCR.
    Positive control: 5'UTR of transcribed gene.
    Negative Control: Intergenic region.

    See Abreview

  • Chromatin was prepared from U2OS cells according to the Abcam X-ChIP protocol. Cells were fixed with formaldehyde for 10 min. The  ChIP was performed with 25 µg of chromatin, 2 µg of  ab3594 (blue), and 20 µl of protein A/G sepharose beads. No antibody was added to the beads control (yellow). The immunoprecipitated DNA was quantified by real time PCR (Taqman approach). Primers and probes are located in the first kb of the transcribed region.

  • IHC image of Histone H3 (di methyl K79) staining in human breast carcinoma FFPE section, performed on a BondTM system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab3594, 1µg/ml, for 8 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
  • ICC/IF image of ab3594 stained HeLa cells. The cells were 100% methanol fixed (5 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab3594, 1µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM. This antibody also gave a positive result in 100% methanol fixed (5 min) Hek293, HepG2 and MCF7 cells at 1µg/ml, and in 4% PFA fixed (10 min) HeLa, Hek293, HepG2 and MCF7 cells at 1µg/ml.
  • This image was kindly supplied as part of the review submitted by Dr Geza Fejes-Toth.

References for Anti-Histone H3 (di methyl K79) antibody - ChIP Grade (ab3594)

This product has been referenced in:
  • Wu H  et al. Aqp5 is a new transcriptional target of Dot1a and a regulator of Aqp2. PLoS One 8:e53342 (2013). ICC/IF ; Mouse . Read more (PubMed: 23326416) »
  • Hatzi K  et al. A hybrid mechanism of action for BCL6 in B cells defined by formation of functionally distinct complexes at enhancers and promoters. Cell Rep 4:578-88 (2013). ChIP . Read more (PubMed: 23911289) »

See all 53 Publications for this product

Product Wall

Application Western blot
Loading amount 20 µg
Gel Running Conditions Reduced Denaturing
Sample Human Tissue lysate - whole (Patient Dermal Fibroblasts)
Specification Patient Dermal Fibroblasts
Blocking step Milk as blocking agent for 1 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 5% · Temperature: 22°C
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Verified customer

Submitted Mar 05 2014

Application Flow Cytometry
Fixation Paraformaldehyde
Permeabilization Yes - eBioscience Permeabilization Buffer
Sample Human Cell (Differentiated Haematopoietic Stem Cells)
Specification Differentiated Haematopoietic Stem Cells
Gating Strategy Isotype negative control (white)
Preparation Cell harvesting/tissue preparation method: Typsin-EDTA Cell Dissociation
Sample buffer: PBS and 10% FBS
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Submitted Feb 20 2014

Application Western blot
Loading amount 4.5 µg
Gel Running Conditions Reduced Denaturing (12)
Sample Caenorhabditis elegans Tissue lysate - nuclear (C. elegans whole body)
Specification C. elegans whole body
Blocking step Milk as blocking agent for 1 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 5% · Temperature: 23°C
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Submitted Oct 22 2013

Application Western blot
Loading amount 20 µg
Gel Running Conditions Reduced Denaturing (12)
Sample Human Cell lysate - whole cell (Human Hela cells)
Specification Human Hela cells
Blocking step Milk as blocking agent for 12 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 5% · Temperature: 4°C
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Submitted Oct 18 2013

Application ChIP
Detection step Real-time PCR
Sample Human Cell lysate - nuclear (HeLa)
Specification HeLa
Negative control Intergenic region
Type Cross-linking (X-ChIP)
Duration of cross-linking step: 10 minute(s) and 0 second(s)
Specification of the cross-linking agent: Formaldehyde
Positive control 5'UTR of a transcribed gene
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Submitted Jul 01 2013

Application Western blot
Sample Caenorhabditis elegans Tissue lysate - nuclear (C. elegans)
Loading amount 10 µg
Specification C. elegans
Treatment 0, 75Gy r-rays
Gel Running Conditions Reduced Denaturing (12%)
Blocking step Milk as blocking agent for 1 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 3% · Temperature: 25°C
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Ms. Jinsun Ryu

Verified customer

Submitted Sep 12 2012

I am sorry this product did not perform as stated on the datasheet and for the inconvenience this has caused. As requested, I have issued a free of charge replacement. To check the status of the order please contact our Customer Service team and refere...

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Application Western blot
Sample Human Cell lysate - nuclear (Liver)
Loading amount 20 µg
Specification Liver
Treatment X protein was knockdowned
Gel Running Conditions Reduced Denaturing (15)
Blocking step Milk as blocking agent for 1 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 5% · Temperature: RT°C
Username

Abcam user community

Verified customer

Submitted Feb 22 2011

Application ChIP
Sample Human Cell lysate - nuclear (K562)
Specification K562
Type Cross-linking (X-ChIP)
Duration of cross-linking step: 10 minute(s) and 0 second(s)
Specification of the cross-linking agent: 1% formaldehyde
Detection step Other
Username

Abcam user community

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Submitted Nov 01 2010

Application Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence
Sample Human Cell (293 cells)
Specification 293 cells
Fixative Paraformaldehyde
Permeabilization Yes - 1% SDS
Blocking step BSA as blocking agent for 30 minute(s) · Concentration: 1% · Temperature: RT°C
Username

Dr. Kathrin Bernt

Verified customer

Submitted Dec 11 2008

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