Anti-Histone H3 (di+tri methyl K4) antibody [mAbcam 6000] - ChIP Grade (ab6000)

Overview

  • Product nameAnti-Histone H3 (di+tri methyl K4) antibody [mAbcam 6000] - ChIP GradeSee all Histone H3 primary antibodies ...
  • Description
    Mouse monoclonal [mAbcam 6000] to Histone H3 (di+tri methyl K4) - ChIP Grade
  • SpecificityThis antibody detects a band of the appropriate size when used in Western blotting on a calf thymus histone preparation (see image). It is specifically blocked by peptides corresponding to di methylated K4 of Histone H3 and to tri methylated K4. Slight cross reactivity is observed with mono methyl K4 peptide in ELISA and Western Blot.
  • Tested applicationsICC/IF, IHC-P, WB, ICC, ChIP, Flow Cytmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Rabbit, Cow, Human, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster), Rice, Candida albicans
    Predicted to work with: Rat, Chicken, Xenopus laevis, Arabidopsis thaliana, Caenorhabditis elegans, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Neurospora crassa
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide derived from residues 1 - 100 of Human Histone H3, tri methylated at K4.

    . Hybridomas were prepared and the resulting clones were positively screened by ELISA against the immunising peptide and negatively screened against the non-modified equivalent peptide .

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab6000 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml.
IHC-P Use at an assay dependent dilution. PubMed: 20823885
WB 1/500. Predicted molecular weight: 15.2 kDa.Can be blocked with Human Histone H3 (tri methyl K4) peptide (ab1342) or Histone H3 (di methyl K4) peptide (ab7768).
ICC 1/200.
ChIP Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Flow Cyt Use 1µg for 106 cells.

Target

  • FunctionCore component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
  • Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the histone H3 family.
  • Developmental stageExpressed during S phase, then expression strongly decreases as cell division slows down during the process of differentiation.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me).
    Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.
    Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3' of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.
    Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 (H3K36me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin.
    Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by GSG2/haspin during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCBB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin.
    Monoubiquitinated by RAG1 in lymphoid cells, monoubiquitination is required for V(D)J recombination (By similarity). Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins.
  • Cellular localizationNucleus. Chromosome.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • H3 histone family, member J antibody
    • FLJ92264 antibody
    • H3 histone antibody
    • H3 histone antibody
    • H3 histone family, member A antibody
    • H3 histone family, member B antibody
    • H3 histone family, member C antibody
    • H3 histone family, member D antibody
    • H3 histone family, member F antibody
    • H3 histone family, member H antibody
    • H3 histone family, member I antibody
    • H3 histone family, member K antibody
    • H3 histone family, member L antibody
    • H3 histone, family 3A antibody
    • H3.3A antibody
    • H3/a antibody
    • H3/b antibody
    • H3/c antibody
    • H3/d antibody
    • h3/f antibody
    • H3/h antibody
    • H3/i antibody
    • H3/j antibody
    • H3/k antibody
    • H3/l antibody
    • H31_HUMAN antibody
    • H3F1K antibody
    • H3F3 antibody
    • H3F3 antibody
    • H3FA antibody
    • H3FB antibody
    • H3FC antibody
    • H3FD antibody
    • H3FF antibody
    • H3FH antibody
    • H3FI antibody
    • H3FJ antibody
    • H3FK antibody
    • H3FL antibody
    • HIST1H3A antibody
    • HIST1H3B antibody
    • HIST1H3C antibody
    • HIST1H3D antibody
    • HIST1H3E antibody
    • HIST1H3F antibody
    • HIST1H3G antibody
    • HIST1H3H antibody
    • HIST1H3I antibody
    • HIST1H3J antibody
    • HIST3H3 antibody
    • HIST3H3 antibody
    • Histone 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone 1, H3b antibody
    • Histone 1, H3c antibody
    • Histone 1, H3d antibody
    • Histone 1, H3e antibody
    • Histone 1, H3f antibody
    • Histone 1, H3g antibody
    • Histone 1, H3h antibody
    • Histone 1, H3i antibody
    • Histone 1, H3j antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3b antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3c antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3d antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3e antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3f antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3g antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3i antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3j antibody
    • Histone H 3 antibody
    • Histone H3.1 antibody
    • Histone H3.1 antibody
    • Histone H3/a antibody
    • Histone H3/b antibody
    • Histone H3/c antibody
    • Histone H3/d antibody
    • Histone H3/f antibody
    • Histone H3/h antibody
    • Histone H3/i antibody
    • Histone H3/j antibody
    • Histone H3/k antibody
    • Histone H3/l antibody
    see all

Anti-Histone H3 (di+tri methyl K4) antibody [mAbcam 6000] - ChIP Grade images

  • Immunofluorescent imaging of human cells (U2OS) with ab6000 reveals a diffuse background nuclear staining corresponding to global dimethylation of K4, with multiple foci of brighter staining.  The complete lack of nucleolar or cytoplasmic staining background confirms the high specificity of this antibody in this application.   

    IF was performed with a standard paraformaldehyde technique (fixed in PBS buffered PFH 4% for 5 minutes, permeabilised with 0.5% triton-PBS for 5 minutes, blocked with 5% milk / 0.2% tween for one hour.  Primary antibody used at 1/200 in 5% milk / 0.2% TWEEN for one hour, secondary antibody Alexa 488 for 30 minutes.  All blocking and incubation steps carried out at 37 degrees.

    Due to the size constraints for images on our website, unfortunately we are unable to show a higher quality image.

  • Chromatin was prepared from U2OS cells according to the Abcam X-ChIP protocol. Cells were fixed with formaldehyde for 10min. The  ChIP was performed with 25 µg of chromatin, 2 µg of  ab6000 (blue), and 20 µl of protein A/G sepharose beads. No antibody was added to the beads control (yellow). The immunoprecipitated DNA was quantified by real time PCR (Taqman approach). Primers and probes are located in the first kb of the transcribed region.

  • All lanes : Anti-Histone H3 (di+tri methyl K4) antibody [mAbcam 6000] - ChIP Grade (ab6000) at 1 µg/ml

    Lane 1 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate
    Lane 2 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate with Human Histone H3 (unmodified ) peptide (ab7228) at 0.5 µg
    Lane 3 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate with Human Histone H3 (mono methyl K4) peptide (ab1340) at 0.5 µg
    Lane 4 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate with Histone H3 (di methyl K4) peptide (ab7768) at 0.5 µg
    Lane 5 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate with Human Histone H3 (tri methyl K4) peptide (ab1342) at 0.5 µg
    Lane 6 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate with Human Histone H3 (mono methyl K9) peptide (ab1771) at 0.5 µg
    Lane 7 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate with Human Histone H3 (di methyl K9) peptide (ab1772) at 0.5 µg
    Lane 8 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate with Human Histone H3 (tri methyl K9) peptide (ab1773) at 0.5 µg
    Lane 9 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate with Histone H3 (mono methyl K27) peptide (ab1780) at 0.5 µg
    Lane 10 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate with Human Histone H3 (di methyl K27) peptide (ab1781) at 0.5 µg
    Lane 11 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate with Human Histone H3 (tri methyl K27) peptide (ab1782) at 0.5 µg

    Lysates/proteins at 0.5 µg per lane.

    Secondary
    Goat Anti-Mouse IgG H&L (HRP) preadsorbed (ab97040) at 1/10000 dilution
    developed using the ECL technique

    Performed under reducing conditions.

    Predicted band size : 15.2 kDa
    Observed band size : 17 kDa (why is the actual band size different from the predicted?)


    Exposure time : 20 minutes
  • ICC/IF image of ab6000 stained HeLa cells. The cells were 4% PFA fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab6000, 1µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-mouse IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM. This antibody also gave a positive result in 4% PFA fixed (10 min) HepG2 and MCF7 cells at 1µg/ml.
  • Overlay histogram showing HeLa cells stained with ab6000 (red line). The cells were fixed with 80% methanol (5 min) and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min. The cells were then incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody (ab6000, 1µg/1x106 cells) for 30 min at 22ºC. The secondary antibody used was DyLight® 488 goat anti-mouse IgG (H+L) (ab96879) at 1/500 dilution for 30 min at 22ºC. Isotype control antibody (black line) was mouse IgG2b [PLPV219] (ab91366, 2µg/1x106 cells) used under the same conditions. Acquisition of >5,000 events was performed. This antibody gave a positive signal in HeLa cells fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde (10 min)/permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min used under the same conditions.

  • Left image shows human Hep cell monolayer fixed with 4% formaldehyde, permeabilized using 0.5% Triton X-100, blocked with 5% FCS in PBS (20 min) and incubated with ab6000 for 1 hr (diluted 1/200 in PBS plus 1% FCS). Detection with anti-mouse rhodamin labeled secondary antibody. Unstained areas represent nucleoli and heterochromatin as judged from DAPI overlay of the same cell in the right image.

    This image was kindly supplied as part of the review submitted by Christian Schoefer.

References for Anti-Histone H3 (di+tri methyl K4) antibody [mAbcam 6000] - ChIP Grade (ab6000)

This product has been referenced in:

See all 12 Publications for this product

Product Wall

Application Western blot
Sample Human Cell lysate - whole cell (Hela)
Loading amount 10 µg
Specification Hela
Gel Running Conditions Reduced Denaturing (12%)
Blocking step Milk as blocking agent for 1 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 5% · Temperature: 25°C
Username

Mr. Benny Garfinkel

Verified customer

Submitted Aug 05 2010

Application Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence
Sample Mouse Cell (3T3 mouse fibroblasts)
Specification 3T3 mouse fibroblasts
Fixative Paraformaldehyde
Permeabilization Yes - 1% Triton X-100 4 minutes
Username

Mr. Benny Garfinkel

Verified customer

Submitted Jul 16 2010

Application Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence
Sample Human Cell (Hela)
Specification Hela
Fixative Paraformaldehyde
Username

Mr. Benny Garfinkel

Verified customer

Submitted Jul 15 2010

Application ChIP
Sample Rice Cell lysate - whole cell (14 days old seedlings grown under dark condition)
Specification 14 days old seedlings grown under dark condition
Type Native ChIP (N-ChIP)
Detection step Real-time PCR
Positive control Gene of interest
Negative control No Antibody control
Username

Mr,Mr,Mr. Yutaka Sato

Verified customer

Submitted Dec 05 2007

Application Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence
Sample Mouse Cell (MEFs SV40 transformed)
Specification MEFs SV40 transformed
Fixative Paraformaldehyde
Permeabilization Yes - 0.5% triton 10 min RT
Blocking step BSA as blocking agent for 30 minute(s) · Concentration: 1% · Temperature: RT°C
Username

Mr. Mark Rochman

Verified customer

Submitted Aug 13 2007

Abcam guarantees this product to work in the species/application used in this Abreview.
Application Western blot
Sample Not applicable Cell lysate - whole cell (whole cell lysate - Candida albicans)
Loading amount 2 µg
Specification whole cell lysate - Candida albicans
Blocking step Milk as blocking agent for 2 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 5%
Username

Dr. Suresh Babu Raman

Verified customer

Submitted Mar 24 2006

Application Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence
Sample Human Cell (spermatocytes)
Specification spermatocytes
Fixative Paraformaldehyde
Blocking step Other as blocking agent for 30 minute(s) · Concentration: 0.15%BSA+0
Username

Abcam user community

Verified customer

Submitted Feb 27 2006

Thank you for your enquiry. I have performed an alignment of Entamoeba histolytica and homo sapiens and indeed there does seem to be some similarity in the amino acid sequence at lysine 4 of H3 (ARTK). These antisera have yet to be tested in this speci...

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Thank you for your e-mail and for providing further information about your IF protocol. We are very sorry to hear that you are having problem with this antibody. We have sold many vial of this product and received good feedback from our customers. ...

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Thank you for getting back to us and for providing further details to our questions. We are very sorry that your customer is still struggling with this antibody; we have very good feedback about it from our customers. We can offer either a reimb...

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