Anti-Histone H3.3 (phospho S31) antibody (ab62207)

Overview

  • Product nameAnti-Histone H3.3 (phospho S31) antibody
    See all Histone H3.3 primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit polyclonal to Histone H3.3 (phospho S31)
  • SpecificityHistone H3.3 (Phospho-Ser31) Antibody detects endogenous levels of Histone H3.3 only when phosphorylated at serine31.
  • Tested applicationsSuitable for: ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Human
    Predicted to work with: Mouse, Rat
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide corresponding to Human Histone H3.3.
    Database link: P84243

Properties

  • FormLiquid
  • Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
  • Storage bufferpH: 7.40
    Preservative: 0.02% Sodium azide
    Constituents: 50% Glycerol, PBS, 0.87% Sodium chloride
  • Concentration information loading...
  • PurityImmunogen affinity purified
  • Purification notesThe antibody was affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific phosphopeptide. The antibody against non-phosphopeptide was removed by chromatography using non-phosphopeptide corresponding to the phosphorylation.
  • ClonalityPolyclonal
  • IsotypeIgG
  • Research areas

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab62207 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF 1/100 - 1/500.

Target

  • FunctionVariant histone H3 which replaces conventional H3 in a wide range of nucleosomes in active genes. Constitutes the predominant form of histone H3 in non-dividing cells and is incorporated into chromatin independently of DNA synthesis. Deposited at sites of nucleosomal displacement throughout transcribed genes, suggesting that it represents an epigenetic imprint of transcriptionally active chromatin. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
  • Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the histone H3 family.
  • Developmental stageExpressed throughout the cell cycle independently of DNA synthesis.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me).
    Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.
    Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3' of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.
    Specifically enriched in modifications associated with active chromatin such as methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 and Lys-80. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me), which are linked to gene repression, are underrepresented. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin.
    Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by GSG2/haspin during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCBB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin. Phosphorylation on Ser-32 (H3S31ph) is specific to regions bordering centromeres in metaphase chromosomes.
    Ubiquitinated. Monoubiquitinated by RAG1 in lymphoid cells, monoubiquitination is required for V(D)J recombination.
  • Cellular localizationNucleus. Chromosome.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • H3 histone family 3A antibody
    • H3 histone family 3B antibody
    • H3 histone, family 3B (H3.3B) antibody
    • H3.3 antibody
    • H3.3A antibody
    • H3.3B antibody
    • H33_HUMAN antibody
    • H3F3 antibody
    • H3F3A antibody
    • H3f3b antibody
    • Histone H3.3 antibody
    • Histone H3.3Q antibody
    • Histone H3.A antibody
    • Histone H3.B antibody
    • MGC87782 antibody
    • MGC87783 antibody
    see all

Anti-Histone H3.3 (phospho S31) antibody images

  • ab62207 staining Histone H3.3 (phospho S31) in HeLa by Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence. The image is shown with and without the blocking phosphopeptide.

References for Anti-Histone H3.3 (phospho S31) antibody (ab62207)

ab62207 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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