|Sample type||Average %||Range|
|Serum||> 85||% - %|
Abcam’s Haptoglobin Horse ELISA kit (ab190528) is an in vitro enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the quantitative measurement of Haptoglobin in horse serum and plasma.
In this assay the Haptoglobin present in samples reacts with the anti-Haptoglobin antibodies which have been adsorbed to the surface of polystyrene microtitre wells. After the removal of unbound proteins by washing, anti-Haptoglobin antibodies conjugated with horseradish peroxidase (HRP), are added. These enzyme-labeled antibodies form complexes with the previously bound Haptoglobin. Following another washing step, the enzyme bound to the immunosorbent is assayed by the addition of a chromogenic substrate, 3,3’,5,5’-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB). The quantity of bound enzyme varies directly with the concentration of Haptoglobin in the sample tested; thus, the absorbance, at 450 nm, is a measure of the concentration of Haptoglobin in the test sample. The quantity of Haptoglobin in the test sample can be interpolated from the standard curve constructed from the standards, and corrected for sample dilution.
Acute phase proteins are plasma proteins which increase in concentration following infection, inflammation or trauma. The first acute phase protein to be recognized was discovered in humans by Tillet and Frances in 1930. Haptoglobin (Hp) is a heterogeneous plasma protein mostly synthesized by the liver. The haptoglobin monomer consist of two heavy chains, beta chains (40 kD) and two light chains, alpha chains, alpha 1 (9 kD) and alpha 2 (16 kD) that are linked disulfide bonds. The three major haptoglobin types are; Hp1-1 which is monomeric (98kD), Hp1-2 is polymeric at about 200 kD, and Hp2-2 at about 400 kD. The levels in serum rise quickly following acute tissue damage within 24 to 48 hours and also fall very rapidly once the stimulus is removed. In fact, Hp level are decreased in hemolytic anemia. Hp has a high affinity for hemoglobin (Hb) and its function appears to be to prevent loss of Hb in urine which would lead to loss of iron. Investigations over the past few years have shown that quantification of Hp in plasma or serum can provide valuable diagnostic information in the detection, prognosis, and monitoring of disease not only in humans, but in companion animals and farm herds as well.
|Components||1 x 96 tests|
|20X Wash Buffer Concentrate||1 x 50ml|
|5X Diluent Concentrate||1 x 50ml|
|Haptoglobin Horse Antibody coated microwells||1 unit|
|Haptoglobin Horse Calibrator (Lyophilized )||1 vial|
|Haptoglobin Horse HRP Conjugate||1 vial|
|Stop Solution||1 x 12ml|
|Chromogen Substrate Solution||1 x 12ml|
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab190528 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|Sandwich ELISA||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
ab190528 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.