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|Sample type||Average %||Range|
|Cell culture extracts||108||105% - 115%|
Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) in vitro SimpleStep ELISA® (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) kit is designed for the quantitative measurement of Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) protein in human cell and tissue extract samples.
The SimpleStep ELISA® employs an affinity tag labeled capture antibody and a reporter conjugated detector antibody which immunocapture the sample analyte in solution. This entire complex (capture antibody/analyte/detector antibody) is in turn immobilized via immunoaffinity of an anti-tag antibody coating the well. To perform the assay, samples or standards are added to the wells, followed by the antibody mix. After incubation, the wells are washed to remove unbound material. TMB substrate is added and during incubation is catalyzed by HRP, generating blue coloration. This reaction is then stopped by addition of Stop Solution completing any color change from blue to yellow. Signal is generated proportionally to the amount of bound analyte and the intensity is measured at 450 nm. Optionally, instead of the endpoint reading, development of TMB can be recorded kinetically at 600 nm.
Caspase-3 is a cytoplasmic cysteine protease involved in the activation cascade of caspases responsible for execution of apoptosis. At the onset of apoptosis caspase-3 cleaves and activates caspase-6, -7 and -9. It also cleaves poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Caspase-3 cleaves and activates sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs). Caspase-3 is involved in the cleavage of huntingtin. Caspase-3 is expressed in an inactive pro-form (pro caspase-3). In apoptosis, the pro caspase-3 is activated by proteolytic cleavages at Asp28-Ser29 and Asp175-Ser176 bonds catalyzed by granzyme B, caspase-6, caspase-8, caspase-9 and caspase-10, generating two subunits p17 and p12 that are assembled into heterotetrameric active enzyme. Additional processing of the propeptides is likely due to the autocatalytic activity of the activated protease. The pro-form and the active form are useful biomarkers of apoptosis.
|Components||1 x 96 tests|
|10X Human Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) Capture Antibody||1 x 600µl|
|10X Human Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) Detector Antibody||1 x 600µl|
|10X Wash Buffer PT (ab206977)||1 x 20ml|
|50X Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (ab193971)||1 x 1ml|
|5X Cell Extraction Buffer PTR (ab193970)||1 x 10ml|
|Antibody Diluent CPI||1 x 6ml|
|Human Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) Lyophilized Recombinant Protein||2 vials|
|Plate Seals||1 unit|
|Sample Diluent NS||1 x 12ml|
|SimpleStep Pre-Coated 96-Well Microplate (ab206978)||1 x 96 tests|
|Stop Solution||1 x 12ml|
|TMB Substrate||1 x 12ml|
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab220655 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|Sandwich ELISA||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
Background-subtracted data values (mean +/- SD) are graphed.
Jurkat cells were cultured in the presence of 1 µM staurosporine and collected at time points of 2 hours, 4 hours and 6 hours based on a 10 μg/mL extract load. The concentrations of Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) were measured in duplicate and interpolated from the Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) standard curve and corrected for sample dilution. The interpolated dilution factor corrected values are plotted (mean +/- SD, n=2). The mean Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) concentration was determined to be 206.0 pg/mL in staurosporine treated Jurkat (2 hour), 472.9 pg/mL in staurosporine treated Jurkat (4 hour) and 376.7 pg/mL in staurosporine treated Jurkat (6 hour) cell extracts.
Jurkat cells were cultured in the presence of 1 µg/mL staurosporine and collected at time points of 2 hours, 4 hours and 6 hours, or in the presence of staurosporine solvent (mock) collected at 4 hours. The concentration of Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) was measured in three different dilutions of the cell extract samples in duplicate and interpolated from the Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) standard curve. The interpolated dilution factor corrected values are plotted in ng of Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) per mg of extract (mean +/- SD, n=3). The mean Active Caspase-3 (Asp175) concentration was determined to be not detectable in Jurkat (mock treated), 21.16 ng/mg in Jurkat (2 hour), 49.00 ng/mg in Jurkat (4 hour) and 38.79 ng/mg in Jurkat (6 hour) cell extracts.
ab220655 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.